SARS-CoV-2 (engl. severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 – "teški akutni respiratorni sindrom koronavirus 2") jest zarazni virus koji uzrokuje COVID-19 akutnu respiratornu bolest.[1] Virus je uzrok pandemije COVID-19, globalne zdravstvene situacije. Genomsko sekvenciranje je pokazalo da je to pozitivni, jedno-lančani RNK koronavirus.[2]

Teški akutni respiratorni sindrom koronavirus 2
Elektronski mikrograf SARS-CoV-2 virona
Elektronski mikrograf SARS-CoV-2 virona
Ilustracija poprečnog presjeka virusa SARS-CoV-2 koji prikazuje unutrašnje dijelove
Ilustracija poprečnog presjeka virusa SARS-CoV-2 koji prikazuje unutrašnje dijelove
Naučna klasifikacija
Red: Nidovirales
Porodica: Coronaviridae
Potporodica: Orthocoronavirinae
Rod: Betacoronavirus
Podrod: Sarbecovirus
Vrsta: Teški akutni respiratorni sindrom povezan sa koronavirusom
Sinonimi
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Novi koronavirus 2019
  • 2019-nCoV

Mnogi rani slučajevi bili su povezani sa velikom pijacom morskih plodova i životinja u Wuhanu, a smatra se da virus ima životinjsko porijeklo. Redanjem genetskih sekvenci ovog virusa i drugih uzoraka virusa pokazala su sličnost sa SARS-CoV (79,5%) i koronavirusom šišmiša (96%).[3] Zbog toga se smatra da porijeklo virusa vjerovatno dolazi od šišmiša,[4][5] iako porijeklo od pangolina nije isključeno.[6]

GalerijaUredi

Elektronski mikrografi SARS-CoV-2

Također pogledajteUredi

Dalje čitanjeUredi

  • Laboratory testing of human suspected cases of novel coronavirus (nCoV) infection: interim guidance, 10 January 2020 (Report). World Health Organization. 2020. WHO/2019-nCoV/laboratory/2020.1.  Unknown parameter |hdl-access= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |vauthors= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |hdl= ignored (help)
  • WHO R&D Blueprint: informal consultation on prioritization of candidate therapeutic agents for use in novel coronavirus 2019 infection, Geneva, Switzerland, 24 January 2020 (Report). World Health Organization. 2020. WHO/HEO/R&D Blueprint (nCoV)/2020.1.  Unknown parameter |hdl-access= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |vauthors= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |hdl= ignored (help)
  • „The Novel Coronavirus: A Bird's Eye View”. Int J Occup Environ Med 11 (2): 65–71. februar 2020. DOI:10.15171/ijoem.2020.1921. PMID 32020915. 

ReferenceUredi

  1. „Coronavirus disease named Covid-19”. BBC News Online. 11. 2. 2020. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-51466362. 
  2. „中国疾病预防控制中心” (Chinese). People's Republic of China: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.chinacdc.cn/dfdt/201912/t20191226_209404.html. Pristupljeno 9. 1. 2020. 
  3. Zhou, Peng; Yang, Xing-Lou; Wang, Xian-Guang; Hu, Ben; Zhang, Lei; Zhang, Wei; Si, Hao-Rui (3. 2. 2020). „A pneumonia outbreak associated with a new coronavirus of probable bat origin”. Nature: 1–4. DOI:10.1038/s41586-020-2012-7. PMID 32015507. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2012-7. 
  4. Benvenuto, Domenico; Giovannetti, Marta; Ciccozzi, Alessandra; Spoto, Silvia; Angeletti, Silvia; Ciccozzi, Massimo (2020). „The 2019 new Coronavirus epidemic: evidence for virus evolution”. bioRxiv: 2020.01.24.915157. DOI:10.1101/2020.01.24.915157. https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.01.24.915157v1. 
  5. Callaway, Ewen; Cyranoski, David (23. 1. 2020). „Why snakes probably aren't spreading the new China virus”. Nature. DOI:10.1038/d41586-020-00180-8. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00180-8. 
  6. Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV): situation report, 22 (Report). World Health Organization. 2020.  Unknown parameter |vauthors= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |hdl-access= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |hdl= ignored (help)