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[[File:De Chirico's Love Song.jpg|thumb|left|upright|[[Giorgio de Chirico]], 1914, pred[[nadrealizam]]]]]]
[[File:Leger railway crossing.jpg|thumb|upright|[[Fernand Léger]], 1919, [[sintetski kubizam]], [[tubizam]]]]
TheNaslijeđe heritageslikara of painters likekao [[Van Gogh]], [[Cézanne]], [[Gauguin]], andi [[Seurat]] wasbilo essentialje forključno theza developmentrazvoj ofmoderne modern artumjetnosti. AtPočetkom the beginning of the 20th20. centuryvijeka [[Henri Matisse]] andi severalnekoliko otherdrugih youngumjetnika artistsuključivši includingi the pre-cubistpredkubiste [[Georges Braque|Georgesa Braquea]], [[André Derain|Andréa Deraina]], [[Raoul Dufy|Raoula Dufyja]] andi [[Maurice de Vlaminck|Mauricea de Vlamincka]] revolutionizedrevolucioniralo theje Parisparišku art world withumjetnost "wilddivljim", multi-colored,višebojnim expressive,ekspresivnim landscapespejzažima andi figurefigurativnim paintingsslikama thatkoje theće criticskritičari callednazvati [[Fauvismfovizam]] (asvidljivo seenu ingaleriji the gallery aboveviše). [[Henri Matisse|Matisseva]]'s seconddruga versionverzija ofslike ''[[The DancePles (paintingslika)|The DancePles]]'' signifies a key point inoznačava hisključnu careertočku andu innjegovoj thekarijeri developmenti ofrazvoju modernmoderne paintingumjetnosti.<ref>Russell T. Clement. ''Four French Symbolists''. [[Greenwood Press]], 1996. Pagestr. 114.</ref> ItOna reflectsreflektira Matisse'si incipientMatissevu fascinationpočetnu withfasciniranost [[primitiveprimitivna artumjetnost|primitivnom umjetnošću]]: theintenzivne intensetople warmboje colorsnasuprot againsthladnoj theplavozelenoj coolpozadini blue-greeni backgroundritmički andslijed thegolih rhythmicalfigura successionplesača ofprenosi dancingnam nudesosjećaj conveyemocionalnog theoslobođenja feelings of emotional liberation andi [[hedonismhedonizam|hedonizma]]. [[Pablo Picasso]] madeje hisoslikao firstsvoje prve [[Cubismkubizam|cubistkubističke]] paintingsradove basedna ontemelju Cézanne'sCézanneove ideaideje thatda allsav depictionprikaz ofprirode naturemože canbiti besveden reducedna toprikaz threetriju solidsgeometrijskih tijela: [[cubekocka|kocke]], [[spherekugla|kugle]] andi [[cone (geometry)stožac|conestošca]]. WithSa thelikovnim paintingdjelom ''[[LesGospođice Demoisellesiz d'AvignonAvignona]]'' iz 1907., (seevidi galeriju galleryslika) Picasso dramaticallyje createdna adramatični newnačin andstvorio radicalnovu picturei depictingradikalnu asliku rawsirove andi primitive brothelprimitivne scene withiz javne kuće s fivepet prostitutesprostitutki, violentlyagresivno paintednslikanih womenžena, reminiscentkoje ofpodsjećaju [[Africanna tribalafričke masks]]domorodačke andmaske hisi owntako newstvorio svoji vlastiti novi smjer [[Cubistkubizam|kubizma]] inventions. [[CubismKubizam]] (seevidi gallery)galeriju wasslika) jointlysu developedzajednički byrazvili Pablo Picasso andi [[Georges Braque]], exemplifiedšto byje vidljivo na primjeru slike ''ViolinViolina andi Candlestick, Paris,sviječnjak'' (seenvidi abovegore) fromod aboutoko 1908. throughdo 1912.Prve Thejasne firstmanifestacije clearkubizma manifestationvidljive ofsu Cubismu wasdjelima practised by BraqueBraquea, PicassoPicassa, [[Jean Metzinger|Jeana Metzingera]], [[Albert Gleizes|Alberta Gleizesa]], [[Fernand Léger|Fernanda Légera]], [[Henri Le Fauconnier|Henria Le Fauconniera]], andi [[Robert Delaunay|Roberta Delaunaya|]]. [[Juan Gris]], [[Marcel Duchamp]], [[Alexander Archipenko]], [[Joseph Csaky]] andi othersdrugi soonslikari joinedsu im se ubrzo pridružili.<ref name="Christopher Green">{{cite web|url=http://www.moma.org/collection/details.php?theme_id=10068&displayall=1#skipToContent |title=Christopher Green, 2009, Cubism, MoMA, Grove Art Online, Oxford University Press |publisher=Moma.org |date= |accessdate=2014-08-08}}</ref> [[SyntheticSintetički cubismkubizam]], practicedkojeg bysu prakticirali Braque andi Picasso, iskarakteriziran characterizedje byuvođenjem therazličitih introduction of different texturestekstura, surfacespovršina, elemenata [[collagekolaž]] elementsa, [[papier collé]] and a large varietyi ofraznovrsnih mergedpredmeta subjectpriljepljenih matterzajedno.<ref name="Christopher Green" />
[[File:Rousseau-Hungry-Lion.jpg|thumb|upright250px|[[Henri Rousseau]], 1905, therazlog reasonzbog forčega theje termstil [[Fauvismfovizam]], anddobio ime je ovaj theoriginalni originalprikaz "Wilddivlje Beastživotinje"]]
[[File:Juan Gris - Portrait of Pablo Picasso - Google Art Project.jpg|thumb|upright250px|left|[[Juan Gris]], 1912., [[Cubismkubizam]]]]
The [[Salon d'Automne]] of 1905 brought notoriety and attention to the works of [[Henri Matisse]] and [[Fauvism]]. The group gained their name, after critic [[Louis Vauxcelles]] described their work with the phrase "[[Donatello]] chezes fauves" ("Donatello among the wild beasts"),<ref name="Gil Blas, 17 October 1905">[http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k7522165g/f5.image Louis Vauxcelles, ''Le Salon d'Automne'', Gil Blas, 17 October 1905. Screen 5 and 6. Gallica, Bibliothèque nationale de France], {{ISSN|1149-9397}}</ref> contrasting the paintings with a [[Renaissance]]-type sculpture that shared the room with them.<ref name=oup-fauvism>Chilver, Ian (Ed.). [http://www.enotes.com/oxford-art-encyclopedia/fauvism "Fauvism"], The Oxford Dictionary of Art, Oxford University Press, 2004. 26 December 2007.</ref> [[Henri Rousseau]] (1844–1910), an artist that Picasso knew and admired and who was not a Fauve, had his large [[jungle]] scene "The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the Antelope" also hanging near the works by Matisse and which may have had an influence on the particular [[Sarcasm|sarcastic]] term used in the press.<ref>Smith, Roberta. "[http://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/14/arts/design/14rous.html?_r=1&oref=slogin&pagewanted=print Henri Rousseau: In imaginary jungles, a terrible beauty lurks]". ''The New York Times'', 14 July 2006. Retrieved on 29 December 2007.</ref> Vauxcelles' comment was printed on 17 October 1905 in the daily newspaper ''[[Gil Blas (periodical)|Gil Blas]]'', and passed into popular usage.<ref name=oup-fauvism/><ref>Elderfield, 43</ref>