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== Teorija ==
Postoje brojne matematički ekvivalentne formulacije kvantne mehanike. Jedna od najstarijih i najčešće korišćenih je transformaciona teorija koju je predložio [[Pol Dirak]] a koja ujedinjuje i uopštava dve ranije formulacije, [[matrična mehanika|matričnu mehaniku]] (koju je uveo [[Verner Hajzenberg]]) <ref> Nakon što je 1932. godine Hajzenberg dobio Nobelovu nagradu za stvaranje kvantne mehanike uloga [[Maks Born|Maksa Borna]] u tome bila je umanjena. Biografija Maksa Borna iz 2005. detaljno opisuje njegovu ulogu u stvaranju matrične mehanike. To je i sam Hajzenberg priznao 1950. godine u radu posvećenom [[Maks Plank|Maksu Planku]]. Videti: Nancy Thorndike Greenspan, “The End of the Certain World: The Life and Science of Max Born (Basic Books, 2005), pp. 124 - 128, and 285 - 286. </ref> i [[talasna mehanika|talasnu mehaniku]] (koju je formulisao [[Ervin Šredinger]]).
 
<!--In this formulation, the [[quantum state|instantaneous state of a quantum system]] encodes the probabilities of its measurable properties, or "[[observable]]s". Examples of observables include [[energy]], [[position]], [[momentum]], and [[angular momentum]]. Observables can be either [[Continuous function|continuous]] (e.g., the position of a particle) or [[Discrete mathematics|discrete]] (e.g., the energy of an electron bound to a hydrogen atom).
* [[Hagen Kleinert]], ''Path Integrals in Quantum Mechanics, Statistics, Polymer Physics, and Financial Markets'', 3th edition, [http://www.worldscibooks.com/physics/5057.html World Scientific (Singapore, 2004)](also available online [http://www.physik.fu-berlin.de/~kleinert/b5 here])
* [[George Mackey]] (2004). ''The mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics''. Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-43517-2.
* {{citeCite book | author=Griffiths, David J.| title=Introduction to Quantum Mechanics (2nd ed.) | publisher=Prentice Hall |year=2004 |id=ISBN 0-13-805326-X|ref=harv}}
* {{citeCite book | author=Omnes, Roland | title=Understanding Quantum Mechanics | publisher=Princeton University Press |year=1999 |id=ISBN 0-691-00435-8|ref=harv}}
* J. [[Džon fon Nojman|von Neumann]], ''Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics'', Princeton University Press, 1955.
* H. [[Weyl]], ''The Theory of Groups and Quantum Mechanics'', Dover Publications 1950.
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