Thomas Edwin "Tom" Mix (rođen kao Thomas Hezikiah Mix;[1] 6. januar 1880 – 12. oktobar 1940) bio je američki filmski glumac, poznat kao prva zvijezda westerna, odnosno ličnost čiji su imidž i opus u mnogo čemu oblikovao hollywoodske "kanone" tog žanra.

Tom Mix
glumac
Tom Mix 1925. godine
Biografske informacije
RođenjeThomas Hezikiah Mix[1]
6. januar 1880. (1880-01-06)
Mix Run, Pensilvanija, SAD
Smrt12. oktobar 1940. (dob: 60)
Florence, Arizona, SAD
PseudonimThomas Edwin Mix
SupružnikGrace I. Allin (1902–1903)
Kitty Jewel Perinne (1905–1906)
Olive Stokes (1907–1917)
Victoria Forde (1918–1931)
Mabel Hubbell Ward (1932–1940)
Profesionalne informacije
Zanimanjeglumac
Opus
Djelatni period1909–1935

Rodio se u Pensilvaniji kao sin konjušara, te je od mladosti zavolio konje i postao vješt jahač. Za vrijeme špansko-američkog rata 1898. se prijavio u vojsku i poslije služio u konjici, iako nije sudjelovao u borbama. Nakon što je napustio službu, neko vrijeme je radio kao kauboj, dodatno se uzdržavajući nastupima na jahačkim i streljačkim natjecanjima. Njegove vještine su privukle pažnju studija Selig Polyscope koji ga je 1909. prvo angažirao za dokumentarne filmove o životu kauboja, da bi ga potom učinio zvijezdom kratkih igranih filmova. Mix je brzo stekao popularnost, i postao jedna od prvih zvijezda mlade američke filmske industrije. Godine 1917. je potpisao ugovor sa studijem Fox Film Corporation koji je u losanđeleskom naselju Edendale kao kulisu njegovih filmova sagradio umjetni grad sa Divljeg Zapada poznat kao "Mixville". Mix, koji se prilično obogatio svojim nastupima, veliki dio svog bogatstva je izgubio u krahu njujorške burze, kao i zbog sklonosti ženama i alkoholu, te je bio prisiljen pod stare dane nastupati iako su ga mučile ozljede. Poginuo je u prometnoj nesreći.

Mix je usprkos toga ostao jedna od najvećih ikona američke popularne kulture u 20. vijeku, te se dan-danas na njega mogu pronaći brojne reference. Jedna od najpoznatijih je akciona komedija Sunset iz 1988. godine, koja prikazuje Mixovo prijateljstvo s Wyattom Earpom i gdje njegov lik tumači Bruce Willis.

FilmografijaUredi

Tom Mix je nastupio u 291 kratkom i cjelovečernjem filmu od 1909. do 1935. godine. Dolje su navedena njegova cjelovečernja ostvarenja.[2]

  • Cupid's Roundup (1918), Larry Kelly
  • Six Shooter Andy (1918), Andy Crawford
  • Western Blood (1918), Tex Wilson
  • Ace High (1918), Jean Rivard
  • Mr. Logan, U.S.A. (1918), Jim Logan
  • Fame and Fortune (1918), Clay Burgess
  • Treat 'Em Rough (1919), Ned Ferguson
  • Hell-Roarin' Reform (1919), Tim
  • Fighting for Gold (1919), Jack Kilmeny
  • The Coming of the Law (1919), Kent Hollis
  • The Wilderness Trail (1919), Donald MacTavish
  • Rough-Riding Romance (1919), Phineas Dobbs
  • The Speed Maniac (1919), Billy Porter
  • The Feud (1919), Jere Lynch/John Smith
  • The Cyclone (1920), Sergeant Tim Ryerson
  • The Daredevil (1920), Timothy Atkinson (also directed)
  • Desert Love (1920), Buck Marston Jr.
  • The Terror (1920), Bat Carson
  • Three Gold Coins (1920), Bob Fleming/Bad Pat Duncan
  • The Untamed (1920), Whistling Dan
  • The Texan (1920), Tex Benton
  • Prairie Trails (1920), Tex Benton
  • The Road Demon (1921)
  • Hands Off (1921), Tex Roberts
  • A Ridin' Romeo (1921), Jim Rose
  • The Big Town Round-Up (1921), Larry McBride
  • After Your Own Heart (1921), Herbert Parker
  • The Night Horsemen (1921), Whistling Dan
  • The Rough Diamond (1921), Hank Sherman
  • Trailin' (1921), Anthony Woodbury
  • Sky High (1922), Grant Newbury
  • Chasing the Moon (1922), Dwight Locke
  • Up and Going (1922), David Brandon
  • The Fighting Streak (1922), Andrew Lanning
  • For Big Stakes (1922), 'Clean-up' Sudden
  • Just Tony (1922), Jim Perris
  • Do and Dare (1922), Kit Carson Boone/Henry Boone
  • Tom Mix in Arabia (1922), Billy Evans
  • Catch My Smoke (1922), Bob Stratton
  • Romance Land (1923), 'Pep' Hawkins
  • Three Jumps Ahead (1923), Steve McLean
  • Stepping Fast (1923), Grant Malvern
  • Soft Boiled (1923), Tom Steele
  • The Lone Star Ranger (1923), Duane
  • Mile-a-Minute Romeo (1923), Lucky Bill
  • North of Hudson Bay (1923), Michael Dane
  • Eyes of the Forest (1923), Bruce Thornton
  • Pals in Blue (1924)

 
Reklama (1919)
  • Ladies to Board (1924), Tom Faxton
  • The Trouble Shooter (1924), Tom Steele
  • The Heart Buster (1924), Tod Walton
  • The Last of the Duanes (1924), Buck Duane
  • Oh, You Tony! (1924), Tom Masters
  • Teeth (1924), Dave Deering
  • The Deadwood Coach (1924), Tom/The Orphan
  • A Child of the Prairie (1925), Square Deal Tom (also directed)
  • Dick Turpin (1925), Dick Turpin
  • Riders of the Purple Sage (1925), Jim Carson aka Jim Lassiter
  • The Rainbow Trail (1925), John Shefford
  • The Lucky Horseshoe (1925), Tom Foster
  • The Everlasting Whisper (1925), Mark King
  • The Best Bad Man (1925), Hugh Nichols
  • The Yankee Señor (1926), Paul Wharton
  • My Own Pal (1926), Tom O'Hara
  • Tony Runs Wild (1926), Tom Trent
  • Hard Boiled (1926), Tom Bouden
  • No Man's Gold (1926), Tom Stone
  • The Great K & A Train Robbery (1926), Tom Gordon
  • The Canyon of Light (1926), Tom Mills
  • The Last Trail (1927), Tom Dane
  • The Broncho Twister (1927), Tom Mason
  • Outlaws of Red River (1927), Tom Morley
  • The Circus Ace (1927), Tom Terry
  • Tumbling River (1927), Tom Gieer
  • Silver Valley (1927), Tom Tracey
  • The Arizona Wildcat (1927), Tom Phelan
  • Daredevil's Reward (1928), Tom Hardy
  • A Horseman of the Plains (1928), Tom Swift
  • Hello Cheyenne (1928), Tom Remington
  • Painted Post (1928), Tom Blake
  • The Son of the Golden West (1928), Tom Hardy
  • King Cowboy (1928), Tex Rogers
  • Outlawed (1929), Tom Manning
  • The Drifter (1929), Tom McCall
  • The Big Diamond Robbery (1929), Tom Markham
  • Destry Rides Again (1932), Tom Destry
  • The Rider of Death Valley (1932), Tom Rigby
  • The Texas Bad Man (1932), Tom Logan, pretvarajući se da je Dan Bishop
  • My Pal, the King (1932), Tom Reed
  • The Fourth Horseman (1932), Tom Martin
  • Hidden Gold (1932), Tom Marley
  • Flaming Guns (1932), Tom Malone
  • Terror Trail (1933), Tom Munroe
  • Rustlers Roundup (1933), Tom Lawson
  • The Miracle Rider (1935, filmska serija), Tom Morgan, teksaški rendžer

IzvoriUredi

  1. 1,0 1,1 „Tom Mix Museum”. Oklahoma Historical Society. http://www.okhistory.org/outreach/affiliates/tommix.html. Pristupljeno 2. VI 2012. 
  2. „Tom Mix”. Internet Movie Database. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0594291/. Pristupljeno 2. VI 2012. 

LiteraturaUredi

  • Basinger, Jeanine (1999). Silent Stars. ISBN 0-8195-6451-6.
  • Birchard, Robert S. (1993). King Cowboy: Tom Mix and the Movies. Burbank: Riverwood Press. ISBN 1-880756-05-6.
  • Jensen, Richard D. (2005). The Amazing Tom Mix: The Most Famous Cowboy of the Movies. iUniverse, Inc. ISBN 0-595-35949-3 ISBN 978-0-595-35949-3.
  • Menefee, David W. (2007). The First Male Stars: Men of the Silent Era. Albany: Bear Manor Media.
  • Mix, Olive Stokes, with Eric Heath (1957). The Fabulous Tom Mix. New York: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
  • Mix, Paul E. (1972). The Life and Legend of Tom Mix. New York: A. S. Barnes and Company.
  • Ohmart, Ben (2002). It's That Time Again. Albany: BearManor Media. ISBN 0-9714570-2-6.

Vanjske vezeUredi