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'''Harold Pinter''', <small>[[Companion of Honour|CH]], [[Commander of the Order of the British Empire|CBE]]</small> (10. oktobar 1930 – 2. decembar 2008) bio je [[Popis dobitnika Nobelove nagrade za književnost|Nobelovom nagradom]] nagrađeni engleski pisac i scenarist. Smatra se jednim od najuticajnijih britanskih dramatičara, a karijera mu je trajala pola vijeka. Najpoznatije drame su mu ''[[The Birthday Party (predstava)|The Birthday Party]]'' (1957), ''[[The Homecoming]]'' (1964) i ''[[Betrayal (predstaca)|Betrayal]]'' (1978), od kojih je svaku adaptirao u film. Scenarističke adaptacije drugih djela uključuju ''[[The Servant (1963 film)|The Servant]]'' (1963), ''[[The Go-Between (film)|The Go-Between]]'' (1970), ''[[The French Lieutenant's Woman (film)|The French Lieutenant's Woman]]'' (1981), ''[[The Trial (1993 film)|The Trial]]'' (1993) i ''[[Sleuth (2007 film)|Sleuth]]'' (2007). Također je glumio na radiju, kazalištu, filmu i televiziji, bilo da je riječ o adaptaciji vlastitih ili tuđih djela.
 
Pinter je rođen i odrastao u [[Metropolitan Borough of Hackney|Hackneyu]] u istočnom Londonu i obrazovan u [[Hackney Downs School|školi Hackney Downs]]. Tamo je trčao i bio strastveni igrač kriketa, glumio u školskim predstavama i pisao poeziju. Studirao je na [[Royal Academy of Dramatic Art|Kraljevskoj akademiji dramskih umjetnosti]] ali nije diplomirao. Prilikom regrutacije u [[National service|britanske oružane snage]] je oglobljen zbog [[prigovor savjesti|prigovora savjesti]]. Nakon toga se nastavio školovati u [[Central School of Speech and Drama|Centralnoj školi za govor i dramu]] te nastupao u putujućim kazalištima u Irskoj i Engleskoj. Godine 1956. se oženio za [[Vivien Merchant]] koja mu je godine 1958 rodila sina po imenu Daniel. Godine 1975. je napustio Merchant i oženio se za spisateljicu [[Antonia Fraser|Antoniju Fraser]] 1980.
 
Pinterova karijera dramatičara je započela sa dramom ''[[The Room (drama)|The Room]]'' 1957. Njegova druga drama ''[[The Birthday Party (drama)|The Birthday Party]]'' je skinuta sa repertoara nakon samo osam izvedbi, ali ju je sa oduševljenjem recenzirao kritičar [[Harold Hobson]]. Njegovi rani radovi su poznati kao "[[komedija prijetnja]]". Kasnije drame kao ''[[No Man's Land (predstava)|No Man's Land]]'' (1975) i ''[[Betrayal (predstava)|Betrayal]]'' (1978) su poznati kao "drame sjećanja". Režirao je vlastite drame, kako u kazalištu, tako i na televiziji i filmu. Pinter je primio preko 50 nagrada, od kojih se ističu francuska [[Nobelova nagrada za književnost]] 2005. i francuska [[Légion d'honneur|Legija časti]] 2007.
 
Posljednjih godina je Pinter stekao veliki publicitet po svom političkom angažmanu i žestokom kritikom [[Rat protiv terorizma|rata protiv terorizma]], odnosno politike [[George W. Bush|Georgea W. Busha]], koga je usporedio s [[Hitler|Adolfom Hitlerom]].
 
== Eksterni linkovi ==
* ''[http://www.haroldpinter.org/home/index.shtml HaroldPinter.org]'' – ''The Official Website for the International Playwright Harold Pinter'' (home and index page)
* [http://www.granta.com/Online-Only/Harold-Pinter-tribute "Harold Pinter"] at [[Granta]] (collection of useful links)
* [http://www.guardian.co.uk/culture/pinter "Harold Pinter"] at ''[[guardian.co.uk]]'' ("The best of the Guardian's coverage, including tributes, reviews and articles from the archive," periodically updated)
* [http://www.ibdb.com/person.php?id=6084 Harold Pinter] at the [[Internet Broadway Database]]
* {{IMDb name|name=Harold Pinter|id=0056217}}
* [http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/p/harold_pinter/index.html "Harold Pinter"] in "Times Topics" at ''[[The New York Times|nytimes.com]]'' (periodically updated collection of news articles, reviews, commentaries, photographs, and Web resources from ''The New York Times'' )
* [http://www.theatrevoice.com/listen_now/player/?audioID=463 "Harold Pinter"] on ''The Mark Shenton Show'', ''[[TheatreVoice]]'', recorded on 21 February 2007 (critics Michael Billington and Alastair Macaulay review ''[[Pinter's People]]'' and ''[[The Dumb Waiter]]''; director and actor Harry Burton talks about his experiences with Pinter)
* [http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/whatson/downloads/index.html "Harold Pinter – Interview"], ''[[British Library]] Online Gallery: What's On'', British Library, 8 September 2008 (Pinter discusses his memories of postwar British theatre with Harry Burton)
* [http://www.joehill-art.com/page2.htm Harold Pinter portrait] by artist Joe Hill, ''joe-hill-art.com'' (offered at auction, with proceeds being donated to charity, on 27 September 2009)
* [http://www.pintersociety.org/ International Harold Pinter Society] (Allied Organization of the [[Modern Language Association]] "in conjunction with" which The [[University of Tampa]] Press publishes ''The Pinter Review'')
* ''[http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00hsp0d/episodes/2009 Pinter Tribute: Essay: Pinter's Voices]'' Five episodes, one broadcast each day on [[BBC Radio 3]] from 16–20 February 2009: 1. Director Michael Colgan; 2. Critic Michael Billington; 3. Writer [[Lisa Appignanesi]]; 4. Film historian [[Ian Christie (filmski učenjak)|Ian Christie]]; and 5. Actor and director Harry Burton
* [http://www.theatrevoice.com/listen_now/player/?audioID=352 "Reputations: Harold Pinter"] on ''TheatreVoice'', recorded on 14 October 2005 (critical assessments by Michael Billington, Dan Rebellato, [[Charles Spencer (journalist)|Charles Spencer]] and Ian Smith)
 
{{Commonscat|Harold Pinter}}
 
{{Lifetime|1930|2008|Pinter, Harold}}
 
[[Kategorija:Nobelovci za književnost]]
[[Kategorija:Britanski pisci]]
[[Kategorija:Britanski scenaristi‎scenaristi]]
[[Kategorija:Dramski pisci]]
[[Kategorija:Jevreji]]