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{{Distinguish|Princ Shōtoku}}
{{Infokutija kraljevska krv
| ime = Kōken <br /> Shōtoku
| titula = Carica Japana
| ime ere = [[Tenpyō-kanpō]], [[Tenpyō-shōhō]], [[Tenpyō-hōji]], [[Tenpyō-jingo]], [[Jingo-keiun]]
|}}
 
{{nihongo|'''Carica Kōken'''|孝謙天皇|Kōken-[[car Japana|tennō]]|718 &ndash; 28. august 770}}, također poznata i kao {{nihongo|'''Carica Shōtoku'''|称徳天皇|Shōtoku-tennō}}, bila je 46. i 48. [[car Japana]],<ref name="kunaichō">[[#Kunaichō|Emperor Kōnin, Takano Imperial Mausoleum]], Imperial Household Agency</ref> prema tradicionalnom [[popis japanskih monarha|popisu]],.<ref>Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). ''The Imperial House of Japan,'' pp. 58, 59.</ref> koja je vladala u dva navrata - pod službenom Kōken od 749. do 758. godine, te pod službenim imenom Shōtoku od 765. do smrti 770.
 
Otac joj je bio [[car Shōmu|car Shomu]], a majka [[carica Kōmyō]]. Na prijestolje je prvi put stupila nakon očeve smrti 749. godine. Godine 758. je abdicirala u korist svog rođaka [[Car Junnin|cara Junnina]]. On je, pak, svrgnut 764. te je na prijestolje stupila Koken, ovaj put pod imenom Shotoku. Za vrijeme druge vladavine je održavala ljubavnu vezu sa budističkim redovnikom po imenu [[Dokyo]], koji je pokušao postati car, ali su njegove planove spriječili drugi dvorjani. Naslijedio ju je rođak [[car Kōnin|car Konin]].
 
== Fusnote ==
{{Reflist|2}}
 
== Literatura ==
* {{cite book|author=Brown, Delmer M.|author2=Ishida, Ichirō|year=1979|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=w4f5FrmIJKIC&dq=Gukansho|title=''The Future and the Past''|publisher=Berkeley: University of California Press.|type=a translation and study of the [[Gukanshō]], an interpretive history of Japan written in 1219|isbn=978-0-520-03460-0|oclc=251325323|ref=Brown-Ishida}}
* {{cite web | url=http://www.kunaicho.go.jp/ryobo/guide/048/index.html | title=称徳天皇 高野陵| accessdate = 04. 02. 2011. | author=Imperial Household Agency | language=Japanese | trans_title=Empress Shōtoku, Takano Imperial Mausoleum | year=2004 | ref=Kunaichō}}
* [[Richard Ponsonby-Fane|Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon]]. (1959). [http://books.google.com/books?id=SLAeAAAAMAAJ&q=The+Imperial+House+of+Japan&dq=The+Imperial+House+of+Japan&client=firefox-a&pgis=1 ''The Imperial House of Japan.''] Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. [http://www.worldcat.org/wcpa/oclc/194887 OCLC 194887]
* [[Isaac Titsingh|Titsingh, Isaac.]] (1834). ''[[Nihon Odai Ichiran]]''; ou, [http://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&dq=nipon+o+dai+itsi+ran ''Annales des empereurs du Japon.''] Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. [http://www.worldcat.org/title/nipon-o-dai-itsi-ran-ou-annales-des-empereurs-du-japon/oclc/5850691 OCLC 5850691]
* [[H. Paul Varley|Varley, H. Paul.]] (1980). [http://books.google.com/books?id=tVv6OAAACAAJ&dq= ''Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns.''] New York: Columbia University Press. 10-ISBN 0-231-04940-4; 13-ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; [http://www.worldcat.org/title/chronicle-of-gods-and-sovereigns-jinno-shotoki-of-kitabatake-chikafusa/oclc/59145842 OCLC 59145842]
 
{{s-start}}
{{s-reg}}
{{succession box | before=[[Car Shōmu]] | after=[[Car Junnin]] | title=[[Popis japanskih monarha|Carica Japana]]:<br />Kōken | years=749–758}}
{{succession box | before=[[Car Junnin]] | after=[[Car Kōnin]] | title=[[Popis japanskih monarha|Carica Japan]]:<br />[[Carica Kōken|Shōtoku]] | years=764–770}}
{{s-end}}
{{Carevi Japana}}
 
{{Lifetime|718|770|Koken}}
 
[[Kategorija:Japanski carevi]]
[[Kategorija:Nara period]]
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