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{{rut}}{{Infobox brain
| Name = Cerebralni korteks
| Latin = Cortex cerebri
| DorlandsID =
}}
'''Cerebralni korteks''' je spoljašnji sloj strukture [[Nervno tkivo|nervnog tkiva]] [[cerebrum]]a ([[mozak|mozga]]), kod [[čovek]]a i drugih [[sisari|sisara]]. On pokriva cerebrum, i podeljen je u dva korteksa duž [[sagitalna ravan|sagitalne ravni]], koji pokrivaju levu i desnu [[cerebralna hemisfera|cerabralnu hemisferu]]. [[medialMedijalna longitudinallongitudinalna fissurefisura]] isje adubok deepurez groovekoji thatrazdvaja separatesdve these two hemisphereshemisfere. TheCerebralni cerebralkortek cortexigra playsključnu aulogu key role inu [[memorymemorija|memoriji]], [[attentionpažnja|pažnji]], [[perceptionpercepcija|perceptualperceptualnoj]] [[awarenesssvest]]i, [[thoughtmisao|mislima]], [[languagejezik]]u, andi [[consciousnesssvest]]i. The [[neocortexNeokorteks]] whichje isglavni thedeo major part of the cortexkorteksa, consistskoji ofse upsastoji tood sixšest horizontalhorizontalnih layersslojeva, eachsvaki sa withrazličitim asastavom differentu composition in terms ofpogledu [[neuron]]sa andi connectivitynjihove povezanosti. TheLjudski humancerebralni cerebralkorteks cortexje is2 do {{convert|2|to|4| mm}} thickdebeo.<ref>{{Cite book
| last1 = Kandel | first1 = Eric R.
| first2 = James H. | last2 = Schwartz
| isbn = 0-8385-7701-6 }}</ref>
 
On se naziva [[siva masa|sivom masom]] jer se sastoji ćelijskih tela i kapilara, što je u kontrastu sa unutrašnjom [[bela masa|belom masom]], koja se uglavnom sastoji od belih [[mijelin|mijeliniranih ploča]] neuronskih [[akson]]a. Kod velikih životinja cerebralni korteks je izsavijan, čime se ostvaruje znatno veća površina unutar ograničenog prostora lobanje.
It is referred to as [[grey matter]] as it consists of cell bodies and capillaries and contrasts with the underlying [[white matter]], that consists mainly of the white [[myelin|myelinated sheaths]] of neuronal [[axon]]s.
 
In large mammals the surface of the cerebral cortex is folded, giving a much greater surface area in a confined space as in the skull. A fold or ridge in the cortex is termed a [[gyrus]] (plural gyri) and a groove or fissure is termed a [[Sulcus (neuroanatomy)|sulcus]] (plural sulci). In the [[human brain]] more than two-thirds is buried in the sulci. The [[phylogeny|phylogenetically]] most recent part of the cerebral cortex, the [[neocortex]] (also called isocortex), is differentiated into [[Neocortex#Anatomy|six horizontal layers]]; the more ancient part of the cerebral cortex, the [[hippocampus]], has at most three cellular layers. Neurons in various layers connect vertically to form small microcircuits, called [[cortical column]]s. Different neocortical regions known as [[Brodmann area]]s are distinguished by variations in their [[cytoarchitectonics]] ([[histological]] structure).
 
==Reference ==
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== Vanjske veze ==
1.513.355

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