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[[Datoteka:Euclid.jpg|thumb|[[Euklid]] (držeći [[Pomična mjerka|šubler]]), grčki matematičar, 3. vek p.n.e., po zamisli [[Rafael]]a na slici ''Atenska škola''.<ref>No likeness or description of Euclid's physical appearance made during his lifetime survived antiquity. Therefore, Euclid's depiction in works of art depends on the artist's imagination (see ''[[Euklid|Euclid]]'').</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www2.cnrs.fr/en/1402.htm |title=Claire Voisin, Artist of the Abstract |publisher=.cnrs.fr |date= |accessdate=October 13, 2013}}</ref>]]
 
'''Matematika''' ([[latinski jezik|lat.]] ''[ars] mathematica'' < grč. μαϑηματιϰὴ [τέχνη]: matematičko [umijeće], prema μάϑημα: nauk; znanje),<ref>{{cite web |title=mathematic |publisher= Online Etymology Dictionary |url=http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=mathematic&allowed_in_frame=0}}</ref> nauka koja izučava MOJ KURAC PICKA VAM MATERINA KO IZMISLI MATEMATIKU DABOGDA TI SE BLOODLINE ZAVRSIO U NAJGORIM MUKAMA PICKA VAM GLUPA MAJKA PIZDE POPISANE PU FUKSE aksiomatski definisane apstraktne strukture koristeći [[logika|logiku]].<ref>{{cite journal |title=Abstract representations of numbers in the animal and human brain |journal=Trends in Neuroscience |volume=21 |issue=8|date=Aug 1998 |pages=355–361 |doi=10.1016/S0166-2236(98)01263-6 |pmid=9720604 |ref=harv |last1=Dehaene |first1=Stanislas |last2=Dehaene-Lambertz |first2=Ghislaine |last3=Cohen |first3=Laurent}}</ref> Izučavane strukture najčešće potiču iz drugih prirodnih nauka, najčešće [[fizika|fizike]], ali neke od struktura su definisane i izučavane radi internih razloga.<ref name="LaTorre">{{cite book |title=Calculus Concepts: An Informal Approach to the Mathematics of Change |publisher=Cengage Learning |author=LaTorre, Donald R., John W. Kenelly, Iris B. Reed, Laurel R. Carpenter, and Cynthia R Harris |year=2011 |pages=[http://books.google.com/books?id=1Ebu2Tij4QsC&pg=PA2 2] |isbn=1-4390-4957-2 |quote=Calculus is the study of change—how things change, and how quickly they change.}}</ref><ref name="Ramana">{{cite book |title=Applied Mathematics |publisher=Tata McGraw–Hill Education |author=Ramana |year=2007 |page=[http://books.google.com/books?id=XCRC6BeKhIIC&pg=SA2–PA10 2.10] |isbn=0-07-066753-5 |quote=The mathematical study of change, motion, growth or decay is calculus.}}</ref><ref name="Ziegler">{{cite book |title=An Invitation to Mathematics: From Competitions to Research |publisher=Springer |author=Ziegler, Günter M. |authorlink= |year=2011 |pages=[http://books.google.com/books?id=9TATfteVeVYC&pg=PR7 7] |isbn=3-642-19532-6 |chapter=What Is Mathematics?}}</ref>
 
Istorijski, matematika se razvila iz potrebe da se obavljaju proračuni u trgovini, vrše mjerenja zemljišta i predviđaju [[astronomija|astronomski]] događaji, i ove tri primjene se mogu dovesti u vezu sa grubom podjelom matematike u izučavanje strukture, prostora i izmjena.<ref>"''[http://books.google.com/books?id=drnY3Vjix3kC&pg=PA1&dq&hl=en#v=onepage&q=&f=false A History of Greek Mathematics: From Thales to Euclid]''". Thomas Little Heath (1981). ISBN 0-486-24073-8</ref>