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'''Revolucionarka''' ili '''revolucionar''' jeste osoba koja pravi [[revolucija|revoluciju]].<ref>[http://ardictionary.com/Revolutionary/5872"ARD] {{webarchive|url=http://archive.wikiwix.com/cache/20110607132600/http://ardictionary.com/Revolutionary/5872 |date=2011-06-07 }}</ref> AlsoTakođe, whenizvedeni usedpridjev, as an adjective’revolucionarsko’, theodnosi termse ''revolutionary''na refersnešto tošto somethingima that has a majorveći, sudden impactiznenadan onuticaj societyna ordruštvo onili somena aspectneki ofaspekt humanljudskog endeavornapora.
 
==DefinitionDefinicija==
Termin, i kao imenica i kao pridjev, obično se primjenjuje na polju [[politika|politike]], a povremeno se koristi u kontekstu [[nauka|nauke]], [[izum]]a ili [[umjetnost]]i. U politici, revolucionarka ili revolucionar jeste osoba koja potpomaže naglu, brzu i drastičnu promjenu, obično umjesto [[status-kvo|statusa-kvo]], dok je [[reformistkinja]] osoba koja potpomaže postepeniju i postepeno rastuću (’inkrementalnu’) promjenu, često radeći unutar sistema. U tom smislu, revolucionari bi se mogli smatrati [[radikalizam|radikalnima]], dok su reformisti umjereni pri usporedbi. Momenti koji izgledaju revolucionarnima na površini mogu da se okončaju ponovnim ojačavanjem osnovanih institucija. Slično, evidentno male promjene mogu dovesti do revolucionarnih posljedica na dužem planu. Tako je jasnoća razlikovanja revolucije i reforme više konceptualna nego empirična.
The term—both as a noun and adjective—is usually applied to the field of [[politics]], and is occasionally used in the context of [[science]], [[invention]] or [[art]]. In politics, a revolutionary is someone who supports abrupt, rapid, and drastic change, usually replacing the status quo, while a [[Reformism|reformist]] is someone who supports more gradual and incremental change, often working within the system. In that sense, revolutionaries may be considered radical, while reformists are moderate by comparison. Moments which seem revolutionary on the surface may end up reinforcing established institutions. Likewise, evidently small changes may lead to revolutionary consequences in the long term. Thus the clarity of the distinction between revolution and reform is more conceptual than empirical.
 
[[Konzervatizam|Konzervativna]] osoba je neko ko se generalno opire prethodno spomenutim promjenama. [[Reakcija (politika)|Reakcionarna]] osoba je neko ko želi da se stvari vrate stanju kakve su bile prije nego što se promjena desila. Iako bi reakcionarna osoba zagovarala [[narod]]nu revoluciju kao sredstvo ponovnog osnivanja starijih institucija (primjer je neuspjeli [[Pivnički puč]] koji je predvodio [[Adolf Hitler]]), termin se u praksu rijetko primjenjuje na one koji pripadaju političkoj desnici. Revolucija nije isto što i [[puč|državni udar]]: i dok puč obično uključuje manju grupu zavjerenika koji nasilno preuzimaju kontrolu nad vladom, revolucija implicira masovno učestvovanje i odobravanje od strane naroda. Razlika se jasnije vidi konceptualno nego empirično.
A [[Conservatism|conservative]] is someone who generally opposes such changes. A [[reactionary]] is someone who wants things to go back to the way they were before the change has happened. Though a reactionary may advocate a popular revolution as a means re establish older institutions (such as Hitler's failed [[Beer Hall Putsch]]), the term "revolutionary" is, in practice, rarely applied to figures on the political right. A revolution is also not the same as a [[Coup d'état|coup d'etat]]: while a coup usually involves a small group of conspirators violently seizing control of government, a revolution implies mass participation and popular legitimacy. Again, the distinction is often clearer conceptually than empirically.
 
==RevolutionRevolucija andi ideologyideologija==
Prema sociologu [[Džejms Čauning Dejvis|Džejmsu Čauningu Dejvisu]], politički revolucionari i političke revolucionarke mogu da se klasifikuju na dva načina:
According to sociologist [[James Chowning Davies]], political revolutionaries may be classified in two ways:
# According to the ''goals'' of the revolution they propose. Usually, these goals are part of a certain [[ideology]]. In theory, each ideology could generate its own brand of revolutionaries. In practice, most political revolutionaries have been either [[Anarchism|anarchists]], [[Communism|communists]], or [[Socialism|socialists]].
# According to the ''methods'' they propose to use. This divides revolutionaries in two broad groups: Those who advocate a violent revolution, and those who are [[pacifism|pacifist]]s.
Revolutionaries may be terrorists, but there is no necessary overlap. Russian revolutionary Vladimir Lenin [https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1903/2ndcong/5.htm condemned terrorism] for "destroying contact between the revolutionaries and the masses of the revolutionary classes of the population, and spreading both among the revolutionaries themselves and the population in general utterly distorted ideas of the aims and methods of struggle against the autocracy." In his controversial essay "Our Morals: The Ethics of Revolution",<ref>{{cite web|url=https://socialistregister.com/index.php/srv/article/view/5565/2463|title=Our Morals: The Ethics of Revolution|last=Geras|first=Norman|year=1989|work=Socialist Register|access-date=16 November 2018}}</ref> the Marxist political theorist [[Norman Geras]] posited that [[terrorism]] should be rejected, but that violence could be justified in the case of extreme social injustice.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.theguardian.com/education/2018/nov/11/reading-university-warns-danger-left-wing-essay |title=University alerts students to danger of leftwing essay |newspaper=The Observer|date=11 November 2018|author=Eleni Courea |access-date= 16 November 2018}}</ref>
 
== See also Reference==
{{colbeginizvori|2}}
*[[American Revolution]]
*[[Armchair revolutionary]]
*[[Counter-revolutionary]]
*[[Counterculture of the 1960s]]
*[[Cuban Revolution]]
*[[Cultural Revolution]]
*[[French Revolution]]
*[[German Revolution of 1918–19]]
*[[Iranian Revolution]]
*[[Irish Revolution]]
*[[Mexican Revolution]]
*[[October Revolution]]
*[[Permanent revolution]]
*[[Revolutionary movement]]
*[[Revolutionary movement for Indian independence]]
*[[Revolutionary socialism]]
*[[Revolutionary song]]
*[[Revolutionary terror]]
*[[Revolutionary wave]]
*[[Russian Revolution]]
*[[Spanish Revolution of 1936]]
*[[World revolution]]
*[[Xinhai Revolution]]
{{colend}}
 
==Vanjski References linkovi==
*[<!--http://www.life.com/image/first/in-gallery/22999/castro-revolutionary-as-celebrity-->https://archive.is/EZyuD LIFE: „FACES OF THE AMERICAN DEAD IN VIETNAM: ONE WEEK’S TOLL, JUNE 1969” (’Lica umrlih Amerikanaca u Vijetnamu: jednosedmično stanje, juni 1969.’)], 21-stranični onlajn slajdšou<!--
{{Reflist|30em}}
 
==External links==
*[http://www.life.com/image/first/in-gallery/22999/castro-revolutionary-as-celebrity Castro: Revolutionary as Celebrity] - slideshow by ''[[Life (magazine)|LIFE]]'' magazine
 
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{{Russian Revolution 1917}}
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[[Kategorija:Revolucije]]
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