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The return of James V's daughter Mary from France in 1561 to begin her personal reign, and her position as a Catholic, gave a new lease of life to the choir of the Scottish Chapel Royal, but the destruction of Scottish church organs meant that instrumentation to accompany the mass had to employ bands of musicians with trumpets, drums, fifes, bagpipes and tabors.<ref name="Frazer1969"/> Like her father she played the lute, [[virginals]] and (unlike her father) was a fine singer.<ref name="Frazer1969">A. Frazer, ''[[Mary Queen of Scots (1969 book)|Mary Queen of Scots]]'' (London: Book Club Associates, 1969), pp. 206–7.</ref> She brought French musical influences with her, employing lutenists and viol players in her household.<ref>M. Spring, ''The Lute in Britain: A History of the Instrument and Its Music'' (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), {{ISBN|0-19-518838-1}}, p. 452.</ref> James VI was a major patron of the arts in general. He made statutory provision to reform and promote the teaching of music,<ref>R. D. S. Jack (2000), "[http://www.arts.gla.ac.uk/ScotLit/ASLS/RDSJack.html Scottish Literature: 1603 and all that] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120211125608/http://www.arts.gla.ac.uk/scotlit/asls/RDSJack.html |date=2012-02-11 }}", ''Association of Scottish Literary Studies'', retrieved 18 October 2011.</ref> attempting to revive burgh song schools from 1579.<ref name=Thomas2012pp198-9/> He rebuilt the Chapel Royal at Stirling in 1594 and the choir was used for state occasions like the baptism of his son Henry.<ref name="LeHuray1978">P. Le Huray, ''Music and the Reformation in England, 1549–1660'' (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978), {{ISBN|0-521-29418-5}}, pp. 83–5.</ref> He followed the tradition of employing lutenists for his private entertainment, as did other members of his family.<ref name="Carter2005">T. Carter and J. Butt, ''The Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Music'' (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), {{ISBN|0-521-79273-8}}, pp. 280, 300, 433 and 541.</ref> When he went south to take the throne of England in 1603 as James I, he removed one of the major sources of patronage in Scotland. Beginning to fall into disrepair, the Scottish Chapel Royal was now used only for occasional state visits, leaving the court in Westminster as the only major source of royal musical patronage.<ref name="LeHuray1978"/>
 
== Opadanje i utjecaj ==
==Decline and influence==
[[File:Francis Hutcheson b1694.jpg|thumb|upright|[[Francis Hutcheson (philosopher)|Francis Hutcheson]] (1694–1746), a major figure in the [[Scottish Enlightenment]], product of the Scottish university system and humanist tradition that had their origins in the Renaissance.|alt=A colour painting of a man with white hair that may be a wig, in a dark gown with white sleeves and collar, he holds a book in his hand.]]
TheSmatra Renaissancese inda Scotlandje hasrenesansa beenu seenŠkotskoj asdosegla reachingsvoj itsvrhunac peaku inprvoj thepolovini firstšesnaestog half of the sixteenth centuryvijeka, betweenizmeđu thevladavina reigns of JamesJamesa IV. andi the deposition ofuklanjanja [[Mary, Queen of Scots]]. TheGubitak losscrkve ofkao theizvora churchpokroviteljstva astokom a1560-ih sourcei of patronage in the 1560s and the court indvora 1603,. changedpromijenio andje limitedi theograničio furtherdaljnji developmentrazvoj of Renaissancerenesansnih ideasideja. InU theistom sameperiodu periodgrađanski civichumanizam humanismje beganpočeo toustupati givemjesto wayprivatnom toposvećivanju privatei devotionpovlačenju andod retreatsvijetskog fromutjecaja theu world influenced byformi [[Stoicismstoicizam|stoicizma]]. InU artumjetnosti andi architecturearhitekturi, Renaissance proportionrenesansne beganproporcije topočele givesu wayustupati tomjesto [[Mannerismmanirizam|manirizmu]] andi thepretjeranijem morestilu exaggeratedbaroka styleod ofoko the1620. Baroque from about 1620godine.<ref name=Thomas2012pp193-4>A. Thomas, "The Renaissance", inu T. M. Devine andi J. Wormald, ''The Oxford Handbook of Modern Scottish History'' (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), {{ISBN|0-19-162433-0}}, ppstr. 193–4.</ref>
 
TheNaslijeđe legacyrenesanse ofmože these Renaissancevidjeti canu betransformaciji seen in the transformation of the rulingvladajuće elite inu Scottishškotskom societydruštvu fromiz aratničke warriorkaste casteu tojednu onesa withrazrađenijim moremoralom refined morals andi valuesvrijednostima.<ref>K. M. Brown, ''Noble Society in Scotland: Wealth, Family and Culture from the Reformation to the Revolutions'' (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2004), {{ISBN|0-7486-1299-8}}, pstr. 226.</ref> HumanismHumanizam createdje anstvorio acceptanceprihvatanje of the importance ofznačaja learningučenja, whichšto contributedje todoprinijelo thenaslijeđu legacyškotske ofškole the Scottish school andi universitysistema systemsuniverziteta.<ref>J. Geyer-Kordesch, ed., ''Physicians and Surgeons in Glasgow: The History of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, 1599–1858, Volume 1'' (London: Continuum, 1999), {{ISBN|1-85285-186-4}}, pstr. 48.</ref> SpecificallyKonkretno, the [[Education Act 1496|1496 Education Act]] hasse beensmatra seenosnivajućim aspresedanom establishingza ajavni precedentsistem for a public system of educationobrazovanja, whichkojeg wassu takenreformisti up by the reformers inprihvatili 1560. andi informedinformirali laterkasnije legislationzakonodavstvo andi expansionširenje.<ref>M. M. Clark, ''Education in Scotland: Policy and Practice from Pre-School to Secondary'' (London: Psychology Press, 1997), {{ISBN|0-415-15835-4}}, pstr. 111.</ref> TheOsnivanje establishment of the Scottishškotskih universitiesuniverziteta, andnaročito especiallyhumanističkih thereformi humanistpovezanih reformssa associated with MelvilleMelvilleom, allowedomogućilo Scotlandje toŠkotskoj participateda insudjeluje theu "educationalobrazovnoj revolutionrevoluciji" ofranog themodernog earlydoba moderni erabilo andje wouldod bevitalnog vitalznačaja toza the development of therazvoj [[Scottish Enlightenment|Enlightenment in Scotland]].<ref name=HustonandWhyte2005p.33>R. A. Houston andi I. D. Whyte, "Introduction: Scottish Society in Perspective", inu R. A. Houston andi I. D. Whyte, eds, ''Scottish Society, 1500–1800'' (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), {{ISBN|0-521-89167-1}}, pstr. 33.</ref> TheseTe circumstancesokolnosti havesu beenprema seenDavidu byMcCroneu Davidučinile McCrone as making educationobrazovanje "vitalneophodnim toza the sense ofsmisao Scottishnessškotskosti".<ref>N. Davidson, ''The Origins Of Scottish Nationhood'' (London: Pluto Press, 2000), {{ISBN|0-7453-1608-5}}, pstr. 53.</ref>
 
TheRenesansa Renaissanceje leftostavila anaslijeđe legacyu acrossintelektualnim intellectualpodručjima fieldsuključujući including poetrypoeziju, historicalhistorijsko writingpisanje andi architecturearhitekturu, whichkoje continuedse intonastavilo theu seventeenthsedamnaestom andi eighteenthosamnaestom centuriesvijeku.<ref>J. Rabasa, M. Sato, E. Tortarolo andi D. Woolf, eds, ''The Oxford History of Historical Writing: Volume 3: 1400–1800'' (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), {{ISBN|0-19-921917-6}}, pstr. 499.</ref> APojavljivao growingse numberrastući ofbroj Scottishškotskih scholarsučenjaka emergedkoji whosu hadimali anrastuće increasingsamopouzdanje confidence inu theirsvoju ownvlastitu literatureknjiževnost.<ref>D. Allan, ''Virtue, Learning and the Scottish Enlightenment: Ideas of Scholarship in Early Modern History'' (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1993), {{ISBN|0-7486-0438-3}}, pstr. 32.</ref> PartDio ofobjašnjenja theza explanationiznenadan forprocvat theškotskog suddenprosvjetiteljstva floweringje ofda theje Scottishta Enlightenment,država isveć thatimala thehistoriju countrypostignuća already had a history of achievements inu philosophyfilozofiji, poetrypjesništvu, musicmuzici, mathematicsmatematici andi architecturearhitekturi andi wasda inje closebila touchu withbliskom intellectualdodiru trendssa inintelektualnim thetrendovima restu ofostatku EuropeEvrope.<ref>P. H. Scott, ''The Age of Liberation'' (Edinburgh: The Saltire Society, 2008), {{ISBN|0-85411-101-8}}, pstr. 17.</ref> FromU thistom periodperiodu ScotlandŠkotska wouldje makeostavila majorvelik contributionsdoprinos in the fields ofpoljima medicine, lawzakona, philosophyfilozofije, geologygeologije andi historyhistorije.<ref name=HustonandWhyte2005p.33/> AmongMeđu thesetim ideasidejama theograničavanje limitationkraljevske ofsuverenosti royalnad sovereigntynarodom overostalo theje peopleprisutno remainedu presentškotskom inintelektualnom Scottishživotu intellectuali lifeponovo andse resurfacedpojavilo toi contributedoprinijelo toglavnim the major debates of theraspravama eighteenthosamnaestog centuryvijeka.<ref>D. Allan, ''Virtue, Learning and the Scottish Enlightenment: Ideas of Scholarship in Early Modern History'' (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1993), {{ISBN|0-7486-0438-3}}, pstr. 39.</ref>{{clear}}
 
== Povezano ==