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=== PaintingSlikarstvo ===
[[File:D. João III 1502-1557 hd.jpg|thumb|right|Vladavina [[John III ofod PortugalPortugala|JohnJohna III]]'s reign, whichtokom sawkoje Portugueseje monopolydošlo ondo theportugalskog monopola nad [[Spiceput začina|trgovinom tradezačinima]], allowed aomogućila flourishingje ofprocvat Portugueseportugalskog paintingslikarstva.]]
Slikarstvo je bilo jedan od istaknutijih faktora portugalske renesanse, kao jedna od kontrastnijih umjetnosti u odnosu na druge renesanse u Evropi. Slikarstvo u portugalskoj renesansi većinom je bilo trijezno u gotovo isključivo religiozno, sličnije [[sjevernoevropska renesansa|sjevernoj renesansi]] u svojoj prirodi, ne slijedivši raskoš i neumjerenost talijanske i [[španska renesansa|španske renesanse]].
Painting was one of the more distinguishing factors of the Portuguese Renaissance, being one of the more contrasting arts to the other Renaissances of Europe. Painting in the Portuguese Renaissance was largely sober and almost exclusively religious, being more inline with the [[Northern Renaissance]] in nature, not following the pomp and excess of the Italian and [[Spanish Renaissance]]s.
 
PortugueseSlikarstvo Renaissanceportugalske paintingrenesanse wasbilo largelyje invećinom contactu withdodiru Flemishsa styleflamanskim stilom.<ref>Caetano, Joaquim. ''O Melhor Oficial de Pintura que Naquele Tempo Havia'' [http://joaquimcaetano.wordpress.com/amor-fama-e-virtude/o-melhor-oficial-de-pintura-que-naquele-tempo-havia/]</ref> Veze Linksizmeđu betweenta thedva twopokreta movementsdostigle reachedsu anovi new level, innivo 1430,. withgodine thesa marriage ofvjenčanjem [[Isabella ofod PortugalPortugala, Duchessvojvotkinja of BurgundyBurgundije|IsabelIsabele ofod AvizAviza, Infantainfante ofod PortugalPortugala]], tosa [[Philip the GoodDobri|PhilipPhilipom III, Duke ofvojvodom BurgundyBurgundije]]. WhileIako theje marriagevjenčanje wasbilo inpredmet negotiationspregovora, theburgundijski Burgundiandvor courtposlao sentje the famedslavnog [[Jan van Eyck|Jana van Eycka]], toda paint thenaslika [[PortraitPortret of IsabellaIsabelle ofod PortugalPortugala (van Eyck)|Portraitportret ofIsabele Isabelod of AvizAviza]]. Van Eyck remainedje inostao Portugalu forPortugalu overčitavu a yeargodinu, wheregdje heje establishedosnovao aškolu schoolumjetnosti, of art,zajedno alongsidesa OlivierOlivierom de GandGandom andi JeanJeanom d'YpresYpresom.<ref>Vasconcellos, Joaquim de. ''A Pintura Portuguesa nos Séculos XV e XVI''. Coimbra: Imprensa da Universidade, 1929. ppstr. 10-12. [http://purl.pt/975/3/ba-606-5-v_PDF/ba-606-5-v_PDF_24-C-R0075/ba-606-5-v_0000_capa-42_t24-C-R0075.pdf]</ref> Iz Thisove schoolškole gavepotekla originje toŠkola the School of Masters of themajstora [[Sé Cathedral ofKatedrala Angra do Heroísmo]], which waskoju fosteredje byposvojio [[Jácome de Bruges]].
 
[[Nuno Gonçalves]], authorautor of[[ploče thesvetog [[SaintVincenta|Ploča Vincentsvetog PanelsVincenta]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.uc.pt/artes/6spp/n1.html |accessdate=January 4, 2013 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070901011455/http://www.uc.pt/artes/6spp/n1.html |archivedate=September 1, 2007 }}</ref> andi designer of thedizajner [[tapestrija Pastrana Tapestries]], issmatra consideredse onejednim ofod theprethodnika precursorsportugalskih of Portuguese Renaissancerenesansnih paintingslikara inu PortugalPortugalu.<ref>Britannica Educational Publishing, [https://books.google.com/books?id=L1thSSsLANkC&lpg=PA101&dq=Nuno%20gon%C3%A7alves%20renaissance&pg=PA101#v=onepage&q=Nuno%20gon%C3%A7alves%20renaissance&f=false One hundred most influential painters and sculptors of the Renaissance], p.101</ref> InNa hissvojim panelspločama, consideredkoje onese ofsmatraju thenekim mostod importantnajvažnijih piecesdjela ofslikane paintedumjetnosti artu inhistoriji Portuguese historyPortugala, heon depictsprikazuje prominentistaknute figuresličnosti of Portugueseprtugalske nobilityvlastele, royalty,kraljeva andi clergysveštenstva oftog thevremena timesuhim withstilom, aali drysa stylemoćnim but powerfully realisticrealizmom. HisNjegova concernposvećenost ofprikazivanju portrayingsvake eachličnosti figureindividualno individually,pokazuje showssnažan heavyflamanski Flemishutjecaj influence,i andnagovještava foreshadowskasnije later Renaissancerenesansne concernsbrige.<ref>Sandra Sider, [http://Handbook%20to%20life%20in%20Renaissance%20Europe,%20https://books.google.com/books?id=yyRXHE3ZN5sC&lpg=PA76&dq=Nuno%20gon%C3%A7alves%20renaissance&pg=PA76#v=onepage&q=Nuno%20gon%C3%A7alves%20renaissance&f=false HandbookPriručnik toza lifeživot inu Renaissancerenesansnoj EuropeEvropi], pstr. 76</ref>
 
AtNa thepočetku beginning16. ofvijeka, therazne 16thslikarske century,škole variousbile schoolssu ofaktivne paintersu werečitavom active throughout PortugalPortugalu andi itsnjegovom empirecarstvu, oftenčesto inu collaborationsaradnji withsa foreignersstrancima. A commonČest trend amongst thesemeđu schoolstim ofškolama theportugalske Portugueserenesanse Renaissancebilo wasje todavanje givepriznanja creditza tosvoja theirdjela worksškoli ofi artostavljanje asstvarnog aautora schoolanonimnim, andzbog leavečega theje actualteško authorpripisati anonymous, making it difficult to attribute authorshipautorstvo. EvenČak amongsti thosemeđu paintersonim thatslikarima gavekoji theirsu namedali tosvoja theirimena works,svojim itdjelima iskomplicirano complicatedje topotvrditi verifypotpunu thevalidnost totalautorstva validityzbog ofobičaja authorshipkolektivnog duestvaranja to the habit of collective worksdjela. A famous example ofPoznat thisprimjer wasbio byje courtdvorski painterslikar [[Jorge Afonso]], whosena piecesčijim weresu oftendjelima workedčesto onradili bynjegovi hiskolege colleaguesna at courtdvoru, suchkao što assu Frei Carlos, [[Francisco Henriques]], [[Cristóvão de Figueiredo]], [[Garcia Fernandes]], [[Gregório Lopes]], andi Jorge Leal, amongstmeđu othersostalima. InU [[Norte Region, Portugal|NorthernSjevernom PortugalPortugalu]], apostojala similarje groupslična existedgrupa, centeredkoja onse fokusirala na [[Grão Vasco|VascoVasca FernandesFernandesa]], alongsidezajedno sa GasparGasparom VazVazom andi FernãoFernãom de AnesAnesom.<ref>Rodrigues, Dalila. ''Vasco Fernandes, Esboço Biográfico''. InU ''Grão Vasco e a Pintura Europeia do Renascimento''. Lisboa: Comissão Nacional para as Comemorações dos Descobrimentos Portugueses, 1992 [http://www1.ci.uc.pt/artes/6spp/frames.html] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120717013324/http://www1.ci.uc.pt/artes/6spp/frames.html |date=July 17, 2012 }}</ref>
 
DuringTokom theportugalske Portuguese Renaissancerenesanse, thenajveći largestcentar centeručenja ofi learningumjetnosti andbio arts wasje [[LisbonLisabon]], whichkoji thrivedje asuspijevao a great city of Europe,kao becauseveliki ofevropski itsgrad privilegedzahvaljujući positionsvojoj asprivilegovanoj apoziciji majorvelikog tradingtrgovačkog centercentra, openotvorenog tokonstantnom aprilivu constantnovih flow of new informationinformacija, cultures,kultura andi financefinansija.<ref>Serrão, pstr. 13</ref> Lisbon was aLisabon trueje centerbio ofstvaran thecentar Europeanevropske Renaissancerenesanse, wheregdje artistssu andse scholarsumjetnici fromi theučenjaci cornersiz ofdrugih Europekrajeva cameEvrope topokušavali tryobogatiti. to make it rich.Bogato Thelisabonsko richplemstvo Lisbonplaćalo nobilityje fundedza countlessbezbrojne paintingsslike, oftenčesto forili eitherza religiousreligijske institutionsinstitucije inu LisbonLisabonu orili inza theirsvoje feudalfeudalne estatesposjede. ThePortugalski Portuguesekraljevski royaldvor courtčesto oftense transferredpremiještao betweenizmeđu LisbonLisabona, [[Coimbra|Coimbre]], aprethodnog formerglavnog capitalgrada of PortugalPortugala, andi ÉvoraÉvore, whichšto allowedje theseomogućilo threeovim citiestrima togradovima establishda themselvespostanu asnajveći thecentri largestportugalske centers of the Portuguese Renaissancerenesanse. InU CoimbraCoimbri, theŠkola Schoolu ofCoimbri Coimbraje wasosnovana foundedod bystrane VicenteVicenta GilGila andi hisnjegovog sonsina, ManuelManuela VicenteVicenta.<ref>Dias, Pedro — ''Vicente Gil e Manuel Vicente, pintores da Coimbra Manuelina''. Coimbra: Câmara Municipal de Coimbra 2003. Catálogo da Exposição.</ref> InU ÉvoraÉvori, Manuel I ofod PortugalPortugala establishedosnovao aje richbogat court,dvor whichkoji wouldje seesvoj itsvrhunac heightdostigao undertokom hisvladavine sonnjegovog sina, [[Henry, Kingkralj of PortugalPortugala|Cardinalkardinala Infanteinfanta Henrique ofod Aviz, Archbishoparhepiskopa of ÉvoraÉvore]], whokoji foundedje theosnovao [[UniversityUniverzitet ofu ÉvoraÉvori]] and itsi schoolnjegovu ofumjetničku artsškolu.<ref>{{cite book |last= Veríssimo Serrão |first= Joaquim |title= História de Portugal - Volume III: O Século de Ouro (1495-1580) |year= 1978 |publisher= Verbo |location= Lisboa }}</ref>
 
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File:St. Auta Altapiece - Arrival of the relics of St. Auta at Madre de Deus Monastery - Lisbon Workshop - ca. 1522 - oil on oak.JPG|''ArrivalDolazak ofrelikvija the Relics atu Madre de Deus'', by [[Cristóvão de Figueiredo]] andi [[Garcia Fernandes]]
File:Cardeal D. Henrique, cópia de original de c. 1590.jpg|''Portrait ofPortret [[Henry, Kingkralj of PortugalPortugala|Kingkralja Cardenalkardinala HenriqueHenriquea I ofod PortugalPortugala]]'', byŠkola the School ofu [[Évora|Évori]]
File:Terreiro do Paço em 1662.jpg|''[[RibeiraPalača PalaceRibeira]] and thei [[Terreiro do Paço]]'', by [[Dirk Stoop|Rodrigo Stoop]]
File:John, Prince of Portugal (c.1552-4) - Anthonis Mor.png|''Portrait ofPortret [[João Manuel, Princeprinc of PortugalPortugala]]'', by [[Antonis Mor|Antonio Moro]]
File:GraoVasco1.jpg|''SaintSveti PeterPetar onna hissvom Throneprijestolu'', by [[Grão Vasco|Vasco Fernandes]]
File:Sebastian, King of Portugal (c. 1565) - attributed to Cristóvão de Morais.png|''Portrait ofPortret [[Sebastian ofod PortugalPortugala|SebastianSebastiana I ofod PortugalPortugala]]'', by [[Cristóvão de Morais]]
File:Casamento de Santo Aleixo (1541) - Garcia Fernandes.png|''Marriage ofVjenčanje D. [[Manuel I ofod PortugalPortugala|ManuelManuela I]], askao Saintsvetog AleixoAleksija, andi [[Maria ofod AragonAragona, Queenkraljica of PortugalPortugala|MariaMarie ofod AragonAragona]], askao hisnjegove wifežene'', by [[Garcia Fernandes]]
File:Fons Vitae (c. 1515-1517) - Colijn de Coter (attributed).png|''FamilyPorodica of Kingkralja D. [[Manuel I ofod PortugalPortugala|ManuelManuela I]] at thekod Fons Vitae''; [[Colijn de Coter]]
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