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{{socijalizam}}
 
[[Datoteka:Red flag II.svg|desno|mini|150px|[[Zastava|Crvena zastava]], simbol radničkog i socijalističkog pokreta]]
'''Socijalizam''' (engl. socialism; franc. socialisme; njem. sozialismus; poreklo prema lat. socialis: društveni; saveznički), pojam koji označava ideje, teorije, pokrete koji teže socijalizaciji (podruštvljenju) temeljnih uslova ljudske egzistencije. Nastao je u 18. veku u Evropi kao reakcija na industrijalizaciju i kapitalizam.<ref> Sinclair, Upton (01. 01. 1918). Upton Sinclair's: A Monthly Magazine: for Social Justice, by Peaceful Means If Possible. »Socialism, you see, is a bird with two wings. The definition is 'social ownership and democratic control of the instruments and means of production.'«</ref><ref> Nove, Alec. „Socialism”. New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition (2008). »A society may be defined as socialist if the major part of the means of production of goods and services is in some sense socially owned and operated, by state, socialised or cooperative enterprises. The practical issues of socialism comprise the relationships between management and workforce within the enterprise, the interrelationships between production units (plan versus markets), and, if the state owns and operates any part of the economy, who controls it and how.«</ref><ref> Nove, Alec. „Socialism”. New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition (2008). »A society may be defined as socialist if the major part of the means of production of goods and services is in some sense socially owned and operated, by state, socialised or cooperative enterprises. The practical issues of socialism comprise the relationships between management and workforce within the enterprise, the interrelationships between production units (plan versus markets), and, if the state owns and operates any part of the economy, who controls it and how.« Rosser, Mariana V. and J Barkley Jr. (23. 7. 2003). Comparative Economics in a Transforming World Economy. MIT Press. str. 53. ISBN 978-0262182348. »Socialism is an economic system characterised by state or collective ownership of the means of production, land, and capital.«</ref> Socijalizam se kroz istoriju svog razvoja pojavljivao unutar različitih političkih koncepcija i teorija, od kojih su najznačajnije: utopijski socijalizam, anarhizam, marksizam različitih struja, anti-autoritarni komunizam, boljševizam (autoritarni komunizam), religijski socijalizam (hrišćanski socijalizam i sl.), demokratski socijalizam, socijaldemokratija itd.<ref> "What else does a socialist economic system involve? Those who favor socialism generally speak of social ownership, social control, or socialization of the means of production as the distinctive positive feature of a socialist economic system" N. Scott Arnold. The Philosophy and Economics of Market Socialism : A Critical Study. Oxford University Press. 1998. p. 8</ref><ref> Busky, Donald F. (20. 7. 2000). Democratic Socialism: A Global Survey. Praeger. str. 2. ISBN 978-0275968861. »Socialism may be defined as movements for social ownership and control of the economy. It is this idea that is the common element found in the many forms of socialism.«</ref><ref> Bertrand Badie; Dirk Berg-Schlosser; Leonardo Morlino (2011). International Encyclopedia of Political Science. SAGE Publications, Inc. str. 2456. ISBN 978-1412959636. »Socialist systems are those regimes based on the economic and political theory of socialism, which advocates public ownership and cooperative management of the means of production and allocation of resources.«</ref><ref> Zimbalist, Sherman and Brown, Andrew, Howard J. and Stuart (1988). Comparing Economic Systems: A Political-Economic Approach. Harcourt College Pub. str. 7. ISBN 978-0155124035. »Pure socialism is defined as a system wherein all of the means of production are owned and run by the government and/or cooperative, nonprofit groups.«</ref>
Napredni pokreti se obično organizuju na dva načina. Organizuju se kao stranke koje žele dobiti demokratsku političku moć i delovati kao anti-sistemska vlast, ali i kao pokreti koji se bore za prevazilaženje sistema bez želje za preuzimanjem političke vlasti. Obe strategije su značajne: oni koji deluju odozdo, i menjaju dosadašnje društvene odnose, i oni koji u formalnom političkom prostoru menjaju politike odozgo.
 
Termin nova, demokratska levica ili demokratski socijalizam se koristi i kao sinonim za različite anti-autoritarne socijalističke i neo-marksističke pokrete, organizacije i stranke, ali se pridev "demokratski" koristi za razlikovanje  demokratskih levičara od boljševizma 20. veka i marksističko-lenjinističkog modela izgradnje socijalizma, koji se smatra nedemokratskim i autoritarnim, te iskrivljenjem plemenite ideje socijalne pravde.
 
Načelna obeležja nove, demokratske levice i demokratskog socijalizma su: anti-autoritarnost i demokratičnost; anti-kapitalizam; anti-militarizam; sekularizam i anti-klerikalizam; internacionalizam i anti-nacionalizam...
 
 
== Izvori ==
{{reflist}}
 
 
== Literatura ==
{{refbegin|30em}}
* {{Citation | first = A Joseph | last = Berlau | title = The German Social Democratic Party, 1914–1921 | place = New York | publisher = Columbia University Press | year = 1949}}.
* {{cite book|ref=harv|last1=Lamb|first1=Peter|last2=Docherty|first2=J. C.|title=Historical Dictionary of Socialism|edition=2nd|year=2006|publisher=The Scarecrow Press|location=Lanham|isbn=978-0-8108-5560-1}}
* -{Sassoon, Donald. ''One Hundred Years of Socialism: The West European Left in the Twentieth Century''. New Press. 1998.}- {{ISBN|1-56584-486-6}}
* -{Guy Ankerl, ''Beyond Monopoly Capitalism and Monopoly Socialism'', Cambridge, MA: Schenkman, 1978.}-
* -{Beckett, Francis, ''Clem Attlee'', Politico's (2007)}- {{ISBN|978-1842751923}}
* -{Nik Brandal, Øivind Bratberg, Dag Einar Thorsen. ''The Nordic Model of Social Democracy'' (2013) Pallgrave MacMillan.}- {{ISBN|1137013265}}
* -{[[Gerald Cohen]]. ''Why Not Socialism?'' [[Princeton University Press]], 2009.}- {{ISBN|0691143617}}
* -{[[G.D.H. Cole]], ''History of Socialist Thought, in 7 volumes'', Macmillan and St. Martin's Press, 1965; Palgrave Macmillan, 2003 reprint; 7 volumes, hardcover, 3160 pages,}- {{ISBN|1-4039-0264-X}}.
* -{[[Michael Ellman]] (2014). ''[http://www.cambridge.org/US/academic/subjects/economics/economics-general-interest/socialist-planning-3rd-edition Socialist Planning].'' [[Cambridge University Press]]; 3 edition.}- {{ISBN|1107427320}}
* -{[[Friedrich Engels]], ''Socialism: Utopian and Scientific'', Pathfinder; 2r.e. edition (December 1989)}- {{ISBN|978-0873485791}}
* -{Friedrich Engels, ''The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State'', Zurich, 1884.}- {{LCC|HQ504.E6}}
* -{Albert Fried and Ronald Sanders, eds., ''Socialist Thought: A Documentary History'', Garden City, NY: Doubleday Anchor, 1964.}- {{LCCN|64011312}}.
* -{Frances Goldin, Debby Smith, Michael Smith. ''Imagine: Living in a Socialist USA''. [[Harper Perennial]], 2014.}- {{ISBN|0062305573}}
* -{[[Élie Halévy]], ''Histoire du Socialisme Européen''. Paris: Gallimard, 1948.}-
* [-{[Michael Harrington]], ''Socialism'', New York: Bantam, 1972.}- {{LCCN|76154260}}.
* -{[[Michael Harrington]]. ''Socialism: Past and Future.'' Arcade Publishing, 2011.}- {{ISBN|1611453356}}
* -{Hayes, Carlton J. H. "The History of German Socialism Reconsidered," ''American Historical Review'' (1917) 23#1 pp.&nbsp;62–101 [http://www.jstor.org/stable/1837686 online]}-
* -{[[Jesús Huerta de Soto]], [https://web.archive.org/web/20070614065637/http://www.jesushuertadesoto.com/pdf_socialismo/indice.pdf ''Socialismo, cálculo económico y función empresarial''] (''Socialism, Economic Calculation, and Entrepreneurship''), Unión Editorial, 1992.}- {{ISBN|84-7209-420-0}}.
* -{Makoto Itoh, ''Political Economy of Socialism''. London: Macmillan, 1995.}- {{ISBN|0-333-55337-3}}.
* {{cite book |last=Kitching |first=Gavin |authorlink=Gavin Kitching |title=Rethinking Socialism |publisher=Meuthen |year=1983 |url=http://www.gavinkitching.com/marx_0.htm |isbn=0-416-35840-3 }}
* -{[[Oskar Lange]], ''On the Economic Theory of Socialism'', Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1938.}- {{LCCN|38012882}}.
* -{Michael Lebowitz, ''[http://www.monthlyreview.org/builditnow.htm Build It Now: Socialism for the 21st century]'', [http://www.monthlyreview.org Monthly Review Press], 2006.}- {{ISBN|1-58367-145-5}}.
* -{George Lichtheim, ''A Short History of Socialism''. Praeger Publishers,}- 1970.
* -{Alan Maass. ''The Case for Socialism.'' [[Haymarket Books]], 2010 (Updated Edition).}- {{ISBN|1608460738}}
* -{Marx, Engels, ''The Communist Manifesto'', Penguin Classics (2002)}- {{ISBN|978-0140447576}}
* -{Marx, Engels, ''Selected works in one volume'', Lawrence and Wishart (1968)}- {{ISBN|978-0853151814}}
* -{[[Joshua Muravchik]], [http://www.pbs.org/heavenonearth/resources.html ''Heaven on Earth: The Rise and Fall of Socialism''], San Francisco: Encounter Books, 2002.}- {{ISBN|1-893554-45-7}}.
* -{Michael Newman, ''Socialism: A Very Short Introduction'', Oxford University Press, 2005.}- {{ISBN|0-19-280431-6}}.
* -{[[Bertell Ollman]], ed., ''Market Socialism: The Debate among Socialists'', Routledge, 1998.}- {{ISBN|0-415-91967-3}}
* -{[[Leo Panitch]], ''Renewing Socialism: Democracy, Strategy, and Imagination''.}- {{ISBN|0-8133-9821-5}}.
* -{Emile Perreau-Saussine, ''What remains of socialism?'', in Patrick Riordan (dir.), Values in Public life: aspects of common goods (Berlin, LIT Verlag, 2007), pp.&nbsp;11–34}-
* -{[[Richard Pipes]], ''Property and Freedom'', Vintage, 2000.}- {{ISBN|0-375-70447-7}}.
* -{John Barkley Rosser and Marina V. Rosser, ''Comparative Economics in a Transforming World Economy''. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2004.}- {{ISBN|978-0-262-18234-8}}.
* -{[[Maximilien Rubel]] and John Crump, ''Non-Market Socialism in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries''.}- {{ISBN|0-312-00524-5}}.
* -{[[Bhaskar Sunkara]] (editor), ''The ABCs of Socialism.'' Verso, 2016.}- {{ISBN|978-1784787264}}
* -{Katherine Verdery, ''What Was Socialism, What Comes Next'', Princeton. 1996.}- {{ISBN|0-691-01132-X}}
* {{cite book |last=Webb |first=Sidney | title =The Basis of Socialism – Historic |year = 1889 |publisher=Library of Economics and Liberty |authorlink= Sidney Webb, 1st Baron Passfield}}
* -{[[James Weinstein (author)|James Weinstein]], ''Long Detour: The History and Future of the American Left'', [https://web.archive.org/web/20040803131902/http://www.westviewpress.com/about.html Westview Press], 2003, hardcover, 272 pages.}- {{ISBN|0-8133-4104-3}}.
* -{Peter Wilberg, [http://www.newgnosis.co.uk/deep.html ''Deep Socialism: A New Manifesto of Marxist Ethics and Economics''], 2003.}- {{ISBN|1-904519-02-4}}.
* -{[[Edmund Wilson]], ''To the Finland Station: A Study in the Writing and Acting of History'', Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1940.}- {{LCCN|40034338}}.
{{refend}}
 
== Vanjske veze ==
* [http://www.srp.hr/socijalizam-danas/ "Socijalizam danas", Glasilo Socijalističke radničke partije Hrvatske]
* [https://www.radnicka-fronta.org/2015/01/29/samoupravne-tvrtke-i-zadruge-u-hrvatskoj/ "Samoupravne tvrtke i zadruge u Hrvatskoj", kod "Radnička fronta"], autor Djuro Felić. Posjećeno 16. veljače 2015.
* Stjepan Haladin: "Osnove marksizma za srednje škole" (Školska knjiga - Zagreb, 1979. godine)
 
== Vidi još ==
{{div col|cols=4}}
*[[Demokratski socijalizam]]
* [[SlobodarskiDemokratski socijalizam]]
* [[Slobodarski socijalizam]]
*[[Marksizam]]
* [[Marksizam]]
*[[Anti-autoritarni komunizam]]
* [[Anti-autoritarni komunizam]]
*[[Anarhizam]]
* [[Anarho-komunizamAnarhizam]]
* [[Anarho-komunizam]]
* [[Realsocijalizam]]
* [[Radnička borba]]
* [[Klasični marksizam]]
* [[Austromarksizam]]
{{div col end}}
 
== Izvori ==
{{reflist|4}}
 
== Literatura ==
{{refbegin|2}}
* {{Citation | first = A Joseph | last = Berlau | title = The German Social Democratic Party, 1914–1921 | place = New York | publisher = Columbia University Press | year = 1949}}.
* {{cite book|ref=harv|last1=Lamb|first1=Peter|last2=Docherty|first2=J. C.|title=Historical Dictionary of Socialism|edition=2nd|year=2006|publisher=The Scarecrow Press|location=Lanham|isbn=978-0-8108-5560-1}}
* Sassoon, Donald. ''One Hundred Years of Socialism: The West European Left in the Twentieth Century''. New Press. 1998. {{ISBN|1-56584-486-6}}
* Guy Ankerl, ''Beyond Monopoly Capitalism and Monopoly Socialism'', Cambridge, MA: Schenkman, 1978.
* Beckett, Francis, ''Clem Attlee'', Politico's (2007) {{ISBN|978-1842751923}}
* Nik Brandal, Øivind Bratberg, Dag Einar Thorsen. ''The Nordic Model of Social Democracy'' (2013) Pallgrave MacMillan. {{ISBN|1137013265}}
* [[Gerald Cohen]]. ''Why Not Socialism?'' [[Princeton University Press]], 2009. {{ISBN|0691143617}}
* [[G.D.H. Cole]], ''History of Socialist Thought, in 7 volumes'', Macmillan and St. Martin's Press, 1965; Palgrave Macmillan, 2003 reprint; 7 volumes, hardcover, 3160 pages, {{ISBN|1-4039-0264-X}}.
* [[Michael Ellman]] (2014). ''[http://www.cambridge.org/US/academic/subjects/economics/economics-general-interest/socialist-planning-3rd-edition Socialist Planning].'' [[Cambridge University Press]]; 3 edition. {{ISBN|1107427320}}
* [[Friedrich Engels]], ''Socialism: Utopian and Scientific'', Pathfinder; 2r.e. edition (December 1989) {{ISBN|978-0873485791}}
* Friedrich Engels, ''The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State'', Zurich, 1884. {{LCC|HQ504.E6}}
* Albert Fried and Ronald Sanders, eds., ''Socialist Thought: A Documentary History'', Garden City, NY: Doubleday Anchor, 1964. {{LCCN|64011312}}.
* Frances Goldin, Debby Smith, Michael Smith. ''Imagine: Living in a Socialist USA''. [[Harper Perennial]], 2014. {{ISBN|0062305573}}
* [[Élie Halévy]], ''Histoire du Socialisme Européen''. Paris: Gallimard, 1948.
* [[Michael Harrington]], ''Socialism'', New York: Bantam, 1972. {{LCCN|76154260}}.
* [[Michael Harrington]]. ''Socialism: Past and Future.'' Arcade Publishing, 2011. {{ISBN|1611453356}}
* Hayes, Carlton J. H. "The History of German Socialism Reconsidered," ''American Historical Review'' (1917) 23#1 pp.&nbsp;62–101 [http://www.jstor.org/stable/1837686 online]
* [[Jesús Huerta de Soto]], [https://web.archive.org/web/20070614065637/http://www.jesushuertadesoto.com/pdf_socialismo/indice.pdf ''Socialismo, cálculo económico y función empresarial''] (''Socialism, Economic Calculation, and Entrepreneurship''), Unión Editorial, 1992. {{ISBN|84-7209-420-0}}.
* Makoto Itoh, ''Political Economy of Socialism''. London: Macmillan, 1995. {{ISBN|0-333-55337-3}}.
* {{cite book |last=Kitching |first=Gavin |authorlink=Gavin Kitching |title=Rethinking Socialism |publisher=Meuthen |year=1983 |url=http://www.gavinkitching.com/marx_0.htm |isbn=0-416-35840-3 }}
* [[Oskar Lange]], ''On the Economic Theory of Socialism'', Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1938. {{LCCN|38012882}}.
* Michael Lebowitz, ''[http://www.monthlyreview.org/builditnow.htm Build It Now: Socialism for the 21st century]'', [http://www.monthlyreview.org Monthly Review Press], 2006. {{ISBN|1-58367-145-5}}.
* George Lichtheim, ''A Short History of Socialism''. Praeger Publishers, 1970.
* Alan Maass. ''The Case for Socialism.'' [[Haymarket Books]], 2010 (Updated Edition). {{ISBN|1608460738}}
* Marx, Engels, ''The Communist Manifesto'', Penguin Classics (2002) {{ISBN|978-0140447576}}
* Marx, Engels, ''Selected works in one volume'', Lawrence and Wishart (1968) {{ISBN|978-0853151814}}
* [[Joshua Muravchik]], [http://www.pbs.org/heavenonearth/resources.html ''Heaven on Earth: The Rise and Fall of Socialism''], San Francisco: Encounter Books, 2002. {{ISBN|1-893554-45-7}}.
* Michael Newman, ''Socialism: A Very Short Introduction'', Oxford University Press, 2005. {{ISBN|0-19-280431-6}}.
* [[Bertell Ollman]], ed., ''Market Socialism: The Debate among Socialists'', Routledge, 1998. {{ISBN|0-415-91967-3}}
* [[Leo Panitch]], ''Renewing Socialism: Democracy, Strategy, and Imagination''. {{ISBN|0-8133-9821-5}}.
* Emile Perreau-Saussine, ''What remains of socialism?'', in Patrick Riordan (dir.), Values in Public life: aspects of common goods (Berlin, LIT Verlag, 2007), pp.&nbsp;11–34
* [[Richard Pipes]], ''Property and Freedom'', Vintage, 2000. {{ISBN|0-375-70447-7}}.
* John Barkley Rosser and Marina V. Rosser, ''Comparative Economics in a Transforming World Economy''. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2004. {{ISBN|978-0-262-18234-8}}.
* [[Maximilien Rubel]] and John Crump, ''Non-Market Socialism in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries''. {{ISBN|0-312-00524-5}}.
* [[Bhaskar Sunkara]] (editor), ''The ABCs of Socialism.'' Verso, 2016. {{ISBN|978-1784787264}}
* Katherine Verdery, ''What Was Socialism, What Comes Next'', Princeton. 1996. {{ISBN|0-691-01132-X}}
* {{cite book |last=Webb |first=Sidney | title =The Basis of Socialism – Historic |year = 1889 |publisher=Library of Economics and Liberty |authorlink= Sidney Webb, 1st Baron Passfield}}
* [[James Weinstein (author)|James Weinstein]], ''Long Detour: The History and Future of the American Left'', [https://web.archive.org/web/20040803131902/http://www.westviewpress.com/about.html Westview Press], 2003, hardcover, 272 pages. {{ISBN|0-8133-4104-3}}.
* Peter Wilberg, [http://www.newgnosis.co.uk/deep.html ''Deep Socialism: A New Manifesto of Marxist Ethics and Economics''], 2003. {{ISBN|1-904519-02-4}}.
* [[Edmund Wilson]], ''To the Finland Station: A Study in the Writing and Acting of History'', Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1940. {{LCCN|40034338}}.
{{refend}}
 
== Vanjske veze ==
* [http://www.srp.hr/socijalizam-danas/ "Socijalizam danas", Glasilo Socijalističke radničke partije Hrvatske]
* [https://www.radnicka-fronta.org/2015/01/29/samoupravne-tvrtke-i-zadruge-u-hrvatskoj/ "Samoupravne tvrtke i zadruge u Hrvatskoj", kod "Radnička fronta"], autor Djuro Felić. Posjećeno 16. veljače 2015.
* Stjepan Haladin: "Osnove marksizma za srednje škole" (Školska knjiga - Zagreb, 1979. godine)
 
{{Commonscat|Socialism}}
{{Normativna kontrola}}
 
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