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{{glavni članak|BohemianČeška Reformationreformacija|HussitesHusiti|LollardyLolardi|WaldensiansValdenzi|ArnoldistsArnoldisti}}
[[File:Muttich, Kamil Vladislav - Mistr Jan Hus na hranici v Kostnici 1415.jpg|thumb|upright|Pogubljenje [[Jan Hus|Jana Husa]], najznačajnijeg preteče reormacijereformacije 1415.]]
 
Nakon [[Zapadna šizma|velike šizme zapadnog hrišćanstva]] (1378.–1416.) došlo je do velikh nemira diljem Evrope što je uzrokovalo niz ratova među prinčevima, pobuna među seljacima i sveobuhvatnu zabrinutost oko korupcije unutar crkve. [[John Wycliffe]] iz [[Univerzitet u Oxfordu|Univerziteta u Oxfordu]] i [[Jan Hus]] iz [[Karlov univerzitet u Pragu|Karlovog univerziteta u Pragu]] iznijeli su nova viđenja spram ove problematike. Hus se protivio nekim običajima unutar Rimokatoličke crkve i zalagao se za povratak [[Češka (historijska)|češke]] i [[Moravska|moravske]] crkve na raniju [[Bizantsko carstvo|bizantsku]] praksu: [[liturgija|liturgijske obrede]] na narodnom jeziku (npr. češkom), mogućnost da laici prime [[Euharistija|pričest]] u oba vida (kruh ''i'' vino – latinski, ''[[Utrakvizam|communio sub utraque specie]]''), mogućnost vjenčanja svećenika, ukidanje [[indulgencija]] i odbacivanje ideje [[čistilište|čistilišta]]. Hus je odbijao koncept indulgencije i usvojio doktrinu [[Sola fide|milosti Božje kroz samu vjeru]].
Unrest due to the [[Western Schism|Great Schism of Western Christianity]] (1378–1416) excited wars between princes, uprisings among the peasants, and widespread concern over corruption in the Church. New perspectives came from [[John Wycliffe]] at [[Oxford University]] and from [[Jan Hus]] at the [[Charles University in Prague]]. Hus objected to some of the practices of the Roman Catholic Church and wanted to return the church in [[Bohemia]] and [[Moravia]] to early [[Byzantine Empire|Byzantine]]-inspired practices: [[Mass (liturgy)|liturgy]] in the language of the people (i.e. Czech), having lay people receive [[Communion rite|communion]] in both kinds (bread ''and'' wine – that is, in Latin, [[Utraquist|communio sub utraque specie]]), married priests, and eliminating [[indulgences]] and the idea of [[Purgatory]].{{citation needed|date=March 2015}} Hus rejected indulgences and adopted a doctrine of [[Sola fide|justification by grace through faith alone]].{{citation needed|date=August 2015|reason=Hus did not teach justification through faith alone}}
 
TheRimokatolička Romancrkva Catholicje Churchslužbeno officiallyokončala concludedovu thisraspravu debate at thena [[CouncilSabor ofu Konstanzu|Saboru u ConstanceKonstanzu]] (1414–14171414.–1417.) byproglašenjem condemningučenja Jana Husa herezom i njegovom smrtnom presudom. Jan Hus, whoje waspogubljen executedspaljivanjem byna burninglomači, despiteusprkos aobećanju promiseo of safe-conductpomilovanju.<ref name=ObWall54>Oberman and Walliser-Schwarzbart ''[https://books.google.com/books?id=vuES0JdltfcC&pg=PA54&dq&hl=en#v=onepage&q=&f=false Luther: Man between God and the Devil]'' pstr.54–55</ref> Wycliffe wasje posthumouslyposthumno condemnedosuđen asza herezu, a hereticnjegovo andje histijelo corpseekshumirano exhumedi andnaknadno spaljeno burnedna inlomači 1428.<ref>Douglas (ed.) "Wycliffe, John" ''New International Dictionary of the Christian Church''</ref> TheSabor Councilu ofKonstanzu Constanceje confirmedpotvrdio andi strengthenedučvrstio thetradicionalno traditionalsrednjovjekovno medievalpoimanje conceptioncrkve of church andi empirecarstva. TheSabor councilnije diduspio notriješiti addressnacionalne thesukobe nationali tensionsteološke ornapetosti thekoje theologicalsu tensionsse stirredpojavile upu duringprethodnom thevijeku previousi centurynije andbio couldu notmogućnosti preventspriječiti [[Schism (religion)šizma|schismšizmu]] and thei [[HussiteHusitski ratovi|Husitske Warsratove]] inu BohemiaČeškoj.<ref>[http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Hussites Hussites], [[Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition]].</ref>{{better source|reason=Surely we can source to something better than the 1911 Enc. Brit.?|date=February 2014}}
 
Papa [[Pope SixtusSiksto IV.]] (1471–14841471.–1484.) establisheduveo theje practicepraksu ofprodaje sellingindulgencija indulgencesza to be applied to the deadpokojnike, therebyčime establishingse astvara newnovi streamizvor ofprihoda revenueza with agents across Europe.Crkvu<ref name=Patrick1231>Patrick ''Renaissance and Reformation'' pstr.&nbsp;1231.</ref>, dok je papa [[Pope AlexanderAleksandar VI.]] (1492–15031492.–1503.) wasbio onejedan of the most controversial ofod thenajkontroverznijih [[Renaissancerenesansa|renesansnih]] popespapa. HeBio wasje the father ofotac sevensedmero childrendjece, includinguključujući [[Lucrezia Borgia|LucreziaLucreziu]] andi [[Cesare Borgia|Cesarea Borgiu]].<ref>"[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/6909589.stm Fresco fragment revives Papal scandal]". BBC News. 212.1 Julyjula 2007.</ref>{{better source|reason=BBCKao isn'todgovor highna qualitykorupciju forpapa, historicalpogotovo purposes|date=Marchna 2015}}prodaju In response to papal corruptionindulgencija, particularlyLuther theje salenapisao ofsvoje indulgences, Luther wrotepoznate ''The Ninety-Five95 Thesesteza''.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/alexanderVI.htm|title=The Death of Alexander VI, 1503|date=2007|publisher=Eyewitness to History|accessdate=27 July 2014}}</ref>{{better source|reason=Eyewitness to History series is not exactly high quality|date=March 2015}}
 
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