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By 1785, Rococo had passed out of fashion in France, replaced by the order and seriousness of [[Neoclassicism|Neoclassical]] artists like [[Jacques-Louis David]].
 
===19. vijek: Neoklasicizam, Historijsko slikarstvo, Romantizam, Impresionizam, Postimpresionizam, Simbolizam===
===19th century: Neo-classicism, History painting, Romanticism, Impressionism, Post Impressionism, Symbolism===
''also see main articles [[NeoclassicismNeoklasicizam]], [[HistoryHistorijsko paintingslikarstvo]], [[RomanticismRomantizam]], [[ImpressionismImpresionizam]], [[Post ImpressionismPostimpresionizam]], [[Symbolism (arts)|SymbolismSimbolizam]]''
<gallery widths="140px" heights="140px" perrow="4">
File:David_-_The_Death_of_Socrates.jpg|[[Jacques-Louis David]] 1787.
File:Watsonandtheshark-original.jpg|[[John Singleton Copley]], 1778.
File:Antoine-Jean Gros - Bonaparte visitant les pestiférés de Jaffa.jpg|[[Antoine-Jean Gros]], 1804.
File:Constable DeadhamVale.jpg|[[John Constable]] 1802.
File:El Tres de Mayo, by Francisco de Goya, from Prado thin black margin.jpg|[[Francisco Goya]] 1814.
File:JEAN LOUIS THÉODORE GÉRICAULT - La Balsa de la Medusa (Museo del Louvre, 1818-19).jpg|[[Théodore Géricault]] 1819.
File:Caspar_David_Friedrich_-_Mondaufgang_am_Meer_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg|[[Caspar David Friedrich]] c. 1822.
File:Karl Brullov - The Last Day of Pompeii - Google Art Project.jpg| [[Karl Brullov]] 1827.
File:Eugène Delacroix - La liberté guidant le peuple.jpg|[[Eugène Delacroix]], 1830.
File:The Fighting Temeraire, JMW Turner, National Gallery.jpg|[[J. M. W. Turner]] 1838.
File:Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres - Comtesse d'Haussonville - Google Art Project.jpg|[[Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres]] 1845.
File:Hovhannes Aivazovsky - The Ninth Wave - Google Art Project.jpg|[[Ivan AivazovskyAjvazovski]] 1850.
File:Gustave Courbet - A Burial at Ornans - Google Art Project.jpg|[[Gustave Courbet]] 1849–1850.
File:Stanczyk Matejko.JPG|[[Jan Matejko]] 1862.
File:Albert Bierstadt - A Storm in the Rocky Mountains, Mt. Rosalie - Google Art Project.jpg|[[Albert Bierstadt]], 1866.
File:corot.villedavray.750pix.jpg|[[Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot|Camille Corot]] c.oko 1867.
File:Claude Monet, Impression, soleil levant.jpg|[[Claude Monet]] 1872.
File:Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Le Moulin de la Galette.jpg|[[Pierre-Auguste Renoir]] 1876.
File:Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas 012.jpg|[[Edgar Degas]] 1876.
File:Edouard Manet, A Bar at the Folies-Bergère.jpg|[[Édouard Manet]] 1882.
File:Swieto trabek I.jpg|[[Aleksander Gierymski]] 1884.
File:Serov devochka s persikami.jpg|[[Valentin Serov]] 1887.
File:Vincent Willem van Gogh 128.jpg|[[Vincent van Gogh]] 1888.
[[File:VanGogh-starry night.jpg|[[Vincent van Gogh]] 1889]].
File:Ilja Jefimowitsch Repin 009.jpg|[[Ilya Repin]] 1891.
File:ChelmonskiJozef.1896.Burza.jpg|[[Józef Chełmoński]] 1896.
File:Woher kommen wir Wer sind wir Wohin gehen wir.jpg|[[Paul Gauguin]] 1897–1898.
File:A Sunday on La Grande Jatte, Georges Seurat, 1884.png|[[Georges-Pierre Seurat]] 1884–1886.
File:Swimming hole.jpg|[[Thomas Eakins]], 1884–18851884.–1885.
File:Albert Pinkham Ryder 003.jpg|[[Albert Pinkham Ryder]], 1890.
File:Winslow Homer - After the Hurricane, Bahamas.jpg|[[Winslow Homer]] 1899.
File:Wojtkiewicz Krucjata dziecieca.jpg|[[Witold Wojtkiewicz]] 1905.
File:Paul Cézanne 047.jpg|[[Paul Cézanne]] 1906.
</gallery>
AfterNakon [[Rococorokoko]]a thereu arosekasnom inse the18. latevijeku 18thpojavljuje century,strogi instil architecture[[neoklasicizam]], andnajprije thenu inarhitekturi, paintingpotom severeu [[neo-classicism]],slikarstvu. bestVjerojatno representednajznačajniji bypredstavnici suchneoklasicizma artists assu [[Jacques-Louis David|David]] andi hisnjegov heirnasljednik [[Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres|Ingres]]. Ingres'Ingresov workrad alreadysadrži containsmnogo much of the sensualitysenzualnosti, but none of the spontaneity,ali thatbez wasspontanosti tokarakteristične characterizeza [[Romanticismromantizam]].
ThisRomantizam movementje turnedpak itsusmjerio attentionsvoju towardpažnju landscapena andpejzaže naturei asprirodu wellkao asi theljudski humanlik figurei andsuperiornost theprirodnog supremacyreda ofu naturalodnosu orderna abovečovjekovu mankind's willvolju. There is a [[pantheism|pantheist]] philosophy (see [[Baruch Spinoza|Spinoza]] and [[Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel|Hegel]]) within this conception that opposes [[Age of Enlightenment|Enlightenment]] ideals by seeing mankind's destiny in a more tragic or pessimistic light. The idea that human beings are not above the forces of [[Nature]] is in contradiction to [[Ancient Greek]] and Renaissance ideals where mankind was above all things and owned his fate. This thinking led romantic artists to depict the [[Sublimation (psychology)|sublime]], ruined churches, shipwrecks, massacres and madness.
 
By the mid-19th century painters became liberated from the demands of their patronage to only depict scenes from religion, mythology, portraiture or history. The idea "art for art's sake" began to find expression in the work of painters like Francisco de Goya, John Constable, and J.M.W. Turner. Romantic painters turned [[landscape painting]] into a major genre, considered until then as a minor genre or as a decorative background for figure compositions.