Razlike između izmjena na stranici "Tiramin"

Obrisano 40 bajtova ,  prije 5 godina
m/м
.
(r2)
 
m/м (.)
| Formula =
| Formula=C<sub>8</sub>H<sub>11</sub>NO
| MolarMass=137,179 -{g/mol}-<ref name="pubchem">[http://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/summary/summary.cgi?cid=5610 -{PubChem}-]</ref>
| Appearance= Bezbojna tečnost
| Density= 1,20 -{g/cm}-<sup>3</sup><ref>-{A. M. Andersen (1977). "The crystal and molecular structure of tyramine hydrochloride." ''Acta Chem. Scandinavica B'' '''31''' 162-166.}-</ref>
| MeltingPt = 164-165°-{C}- <ref name = Merck>-{The Merck Index, 10th Ed. (1983), p.1405, Rahway: Merck & Co.}-</ref>
| BoilingPt= 205-207°-{C}- na 25 -{mm Hg}-; 166°-{C}- na 2 -{mm Hg}- <ref name = Merck/>
| Solubility= 1 -{g in 95 mL}- na 15°-{C}- <ref name = Merck/>
| pKa = 9,74 -{(OH); 10,52 (NH}-<sub>3</sub><sup>+</sup>) <ref>{{Cite journal
| last = Kappe
| journal = Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
 
== Biosinteza ==
Biohemijski, tiramin se formira [[dekarboksilacija|dekarboksilacijom]] [[tirozin]]a posredstvom enzima [[tirozin dekarboksilaza]].<ref>-{[http://www.genome.jp/kegg/pathway/map/map00350.html Tyrosine metabolism - Reference pathway], Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG)}-</ref> Tiramin se zatim može konvertovati do metilisanih [[alkaloid]]nih derivata [[N-Metiltiramin|-{''N''}--metiltiramina]], [[hordenin|-{''N'',''N''}--dimetiltiramina]] (hordenina), o [[kandicin|-{''N'',''N'',''N''}--trimetiltiramina]] (kandicina).
<gallery>
File:Tyramine.svg|Tiramin
File:Methyltyramine.svg|-{''N''}--Metiltiramin
File:Dimethyltyramine.svg|-{''N'',''N''}--Dimetiltiramin (hordenin)
File:Candicine.svg|-{''N'',''N'',''N''}--Trimetiltiramin (kandicin)
</gallery>
 
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