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== Otkriće ==
[[File:Dinaledi Chamber illustration.jpg|right|400px|thumb|Ilustracija Komore Dinaledi u Pećini Rising Star, gdje je ''H. naledi'' pronađen]]
TheNaslage depositsu thatkojima turnedje out to bepronađen ''H. naledi'' were discoveredotkrili bysu amateuramaterski caveistraživači explorerspećina Rick Hunter andi Steven Tucker<ref name="WP-20150910b">{{cite news |last=Feltman |first=Rachel |title=Meet the six female ‘underground astronauts’ who recovered our newest relative |url=https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2015/09/10/meet-the-six-female-underground-astronauts-who-recovered-our-newest-relative/ |date=10 September 2015 |work=[[Washington Post]] |accessdate=10 September 2015 }}</ref> in 2013. inu Pećini Rising Star Cave inu [[SouthJužna AfricaAfrika|Južnoj Africi]]. TheKonačna finalkomora chamberpećine ofbila theje cavedostupna wassamo accessiblekroz onlydva throughuska twoprolaza narrowsa passagesmanje withod less25 thancm tenprostora inchesza of crawling spacepuzanje, making itzbog possiblečega onlysu forjoj experiencedmogli caverspristupiti withsamo particularlyiskusni thinistraživači bodypećina framessa tovrlo accessvitkim ittijelom.<ref name=":0"/><ref>{{Cite journal|title = Geological and taphonomic context for the new hominin species Homo naledi from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa|url = http://elifesciences.org/content/4/e09561|journal = [[eLife]]|date = 10 September 2015 |issn = 2050-084X|pmc = 4559842|pages = e09561|volume = 4|doi = 10.7554/eLife.09561|first = Paul HGM|last = Dirks|first2 = Lee R.|last2 = Berger|first3 = Eric M.|last3 = Roberts|first4 = Jan D.|last4 = Kramers|first5 = John|last5 = Hawks|first6 = Patrick S.|last6 = Randolph-Quinney|first7 = Marina|last7 = Elliott|first8 = Charles M.|last8 = Musiba|first9 = Steven E.|last9 = Churchill}}</ref>
 
TheNaknadna subsequentiskopavanja excavationsprovodio were directed byje [[Lee Berger]], professorprofesor ofpaleoantropologije paleoanthropologyna atUniverzitetu theu [[University of Witwatersrand]]Witwatersrandu. TheUzak narrowprostor spaceu inkojem whichsu thekosti bonesbile wereodložene depositedbio wasje unreachablenedostupan forvećini most archeologistsarheologa, andte ase teamstoga ofokupio sixtim paleontologists,od allšest female,paleoantropologinja waskoje assembledsu tou accesstome the depositsuspjele. MembersČlanovi oftima theodabrani teamsu werena selectedosnovu onfizičke theveličine basisi ofakademskih bothkvalifikacija. physicalTim sizese andsastojao academicod qualification. The team comprised MarinaMarine Elliott, PhD,(dr. andsc.) graduatei studentspostdiplomaca BeccaBecce Peixotto, K. Lindsay Hunter, ElenElene Feueriegel, Hannah Morris andi AliaAlie GurtovaGurtove.<ref name="WP-20150910b" />
 
TheOstaci remainspetnaest ofjedinki fifteenu individuals,vidu comprising1550 1,550primjeraka bonekostiju specimens—the- largestnajveće setskupine ofljudskih humanfosila fossilsikad everotkrivene found inu [[AfricaAfrika|Africi]]<ref>{{Cite web|title = Mysterious New Human Species Emerges from Heap of Fossils|url = http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/mysterious-new-human-species-emerges-from-heap-of-fossils/|work=[[Scientific American]] |accessdate = 10 September 2015|first = Kate|last = Wong}}</ref>—were found withinpronađeni [[clay]]-richsu sedimentsu duringglinom thebogatim initialsedimentima investigationtokom prvobitne istrage, anda theslojevita layeredraspodjela distributionkostiju ofukazuje thena bonesto suggestda thatsu theytu hadodlagane beentokom depositeddužeg overvremenskog aperioda, longmoguće time,i perhapsnekoliko centuriesvijekova.<ref name=":0"/> ScientistsNaučnici believevjeruju thatda thereje arena manytom morenalazištu remainsostalo to bejoš foundmnogo atostataka theza sitepronaći.<ref name="iflscience">{{cite web | url = http://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/newly-discovered-human-ancestor-likely-ritualistically-disposed-its-dead | title = New Species Of Human Discovered In South Africa | website = [http://iflscience.com IFL Science] | date = 10 September 2015 | first = Justine | last = Alford }}</ref> ThePronađeni findsostaci aresmatraju consideredse thevlasništvom propertyjužnoafričkog ofnaroda thei Southvjerojatno African people, and will likelyće remainostati inu thetoj countrydržavi.<ref name="WP-20150910">{{cite news |last=Nutt |first=Amy Ellis |title=Scientists shocked the world with a brand new species of man — but who owns the bones? |url=https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2015/09/10/who-owns-those-bones/ |date=10 September 2015 |work=[[Washington Post]] |accessdate=10 September 2015 }}</ref>
 
Među kostima nalazile su se lubanje, vilice, rebra, zubi, kosti gotovo potpunog stopala, ruke i unutrašnjeg uha. Pripadale su i starim i mladim jedinkama, kao i bebama, koje su se mogle prepoznati po malenim pršljenovima.<ref name=":0" /> &nbsp;Neke su se kosti činile slične onima kod modernih ljudi, dok su druge bile primitivnije nego kod australopitecina, ranih predaka ljudi. Palac, ručni zglob i kosti dlana su moderne, dok su prsti zakrivljeni, sličniji onima kod australopitecina, korisni za penjanje.<ref name=":0" /> Sa predstavljenim brojem jedinki, spolom i starosnom dobi, naučnici smatraju da je u pitanju "najbogatiji skup povezanih fosila hominina ikada otkriven u Africi i, pored kolekcije iz [[Sima de los Huesos]] i kasnijih neandertalskih i modernih ljudskih primjeraka, ima najsveobuhvatniji prikaz elemenata skeleta iz različitih životnih dobi i od više jedinki u fosilnom zapisu hominina."<ref name=Berger2015/>
The bones include skulls, jaws, ribs, teeth, bones of an almost complete foot, of a hand, and of an inner ear. The bones of old, young and infants were found. Infants were identified by the small [[vertebra]]e.<ref name=":0" /> &nbsp;Some of the bones appeared like modern human bones, and other bones were more primitive than the australopithecine, an early ancestor of humans. The thumb, wrist and palm bones are modern-like, while the fingers are curved, more australopithecine, useful for climbing.<ref name=":0" /> With the number of individuals represented, sexes and age groups, scientists consider the find to be "the richest assemblage of associated fossil hominins ever discovered in Africa, and aside from the [[Sima de los Huesos]] collection and later [[Neanderthal]] and modern human samples, it has the most comprehensive representation of skeletal elements across the lifespan, and from multiple individuals, in the hominin fossil record."<ref name=Berger2015/>
 
TheStarost assemblagetog isskupa asjoš yetuvijek undatednije sigurno ustvrđena. ThePrimitivna species'anatomija primitivete anatomyvrste, likepoput themanje smallerzapremine brain volumelubanje, suggestukazuju thena speciesto da je evolvedona nearevoluirala orblizu atili thena beginningsamom ofpočetku therazvoja genusroda ''Homo'', andi existedstoga postojala prije između 2.,5 million toi 2.,8 millionmiliona years agogodina. Geologists thinkGeolozi thesmatraju caveda ispećina nonije olderstarija thanod threetri millionmiliona yearsgodina.<ref>{{Cite news|title = New Species in Human Lineage Is Found in a South African Cave|url = http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/11/science/south-africa-fossils-new-species-human-ancestor-homo-naledi.html|work =[[New York Times]]|date = 10 September 2015|access-date = 10 September 2015|issn = 0362-4331|first = John Noble|last = Wilford}}</ref> TheTačan exactznačaj significancetog ofotkrića theza findnaučno forshvatanje theljudske scientificevolucije understandinguvelike ofovisi humano evolution,tome dependsda largelyli onće whetherse thefosili fossilspokazatni turnznatno outstarijima toili bemlađima significantlyod olderperioda oru youngerkojem thanse the period in whichpojavio ''[[Homo habilis]]'', untildo nowsada thenajraniji earliestpripadnik member of the genusroda ''Homo'', emerged.<ref name="CBC-20150910">{{cite news |author=Staff |title=Bones of Homo naledi, new human relative, found in South African cave |url=http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/bones-of-homo-naledi-new-human-relative-found-in-south-african-cave-1.3222033 |date=10 September 2015 |work=[[AP News]] |accessdate=10 September 2015 }}</ref>
 
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