Razlike između izmjena na stranici "Čola Carstvo"

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Središte Čola je bila plodna dolina rijeke [[Kaveri (rijeka)|Kaveri]]; status [[velesila|velesile]] su uživali od druge polovice 9. do početka 13. vijeka.<ref name=sastri>[[K.A. Nilakanta Sastri]], ''A History of South India'', p 5</ref> Pod njihovom vlašću je skoro dva vijeka bila ujedinjeno područje južno od [[Tungabhadra|Tungabhadre]].<ref name="sastri5">[[K.A. Nilakanta Sastri]], ''A History of South India'', p 157</ref> Dinastija je pod [[Rajaraja Chola I|Radžaradžom Čolom I]] i njegovim sinom [[Rajendra Chola I|Radžendrom Čolom I]] stekla status vojne, ekonomske i kulturne sile ne samo na prostoru [[Južna Indija|Južne]] nego i [[Jugoistočna Azija|Jugoistočne Azije]].<ref name=kulke115/><ref name=keay215>Keay, p 215</ref> Radžendra Čola je status velikog vladara stekao vojnim pohodima na sjever, koji su doprli sve do Gangesa, kao i uništenjem dotadašnje pomorske sile [[Srivijaya]], te brojnim izaslanstvima koje je slao na kineski dvor.<ref name="sastri158">[[K.A. Nilakanta Sastri]], ''A History of South India'', p 158</ref>
 
Od oko 1010 do 1200. teritorija Čola se pružala od [[Maldivi|Maldiva]] na jugu pa sve do rijeke [[Godavari (rijeka)|Godavari]] u današnjoj državi [[Andhra Pradesh]].<ref name=majumdar407>Majumdar, p 407</ref> Rajaraja Chola je osim cijele [[Južna Indija|Južne Indije]], osvojio dijelove današnje [[Šri Lanka|Šri Lanke]] te osvojio Maldive.<ref name=keay215/> Rajendra Chola je, pak, prilikom pohoda na Ganges uspio porauti [[Mahipala|Mahipalu]], vladara [[Pala Carstvo|Pala Carstva]]. Također je uspješno napao države [[Malajski arhipelag|Malajskog arhipelaga]].<ref name="srivijaya">The kadaram campaign is first mentioned in Rajendra's inscriptions dating from his 14th year. The name of the Srivijaya king was Sangrama Vijayatungavarman. [[K.A. Nilakanta Sastri]], ''The CōĻas'', pp 211–220</ref><ref name=meyer73>Meyer, p 73</ref> Dinastija Čola je počelka slabiti s usponom dinastije [[Pandija]] početkom 13. vijeka, koja je konačno dovela do njenog završetka.<ref name=sastri192>[[K.A. Nilakanta Sastri]], ''A History of South India'', p 192</ref><ref name=sastri195>[[K.A. Nilakanta Sastri]], ''A History of South India'', p 195</ref><ref name=sastri196>[[K.A. Nilakanta Sastri]], ''A History of South India'', p 196</ref>
 
Čola vladari su, s druge strane, ostali upamćeni po pokroviteljstvu nad [[Chola književnost|tamilskom književnošću]] te gradnjom brojnih hramova.<ref name=keay215/> Bili su poznati i po tome što su hramove koristili i za ekonomske aktivnosti,<ref name=geeta20>Vasudevan, pp 20–22</ref><ref>Keay, pp 217–218</ref> kao i specifičnom obliku državne uprave.
== Literatura ==
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* {{Cite book |first= Sisir Kumar|last= Das|authorlink= | coauthors= |title= History of Indian Literature (1911–1956) : Struggle for Freedom – Triumph and Tragedy|date=1995|publisher= Sahitya Akademi|location=New Delhi|isbnid=ISBN 81-7201-798-7|ref=harv}}
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</div>
 
== Eksterni linkovi ==
* [http://whc.unesco.org/pg.cfm?cid=31&id_site=250 UNESCO World Heritage sites – Chola temples]
* [http://www.indianartcircle.com/arteducation/page_14_artofCholas.shtml Art of Cholas]
* [http://tamilartsacademy.com/books/coins/chapter02.xml Chola coins]
* [http://lakdiva.org/coins/medievalindian/rajaraja_chola.html Chola coins of Sri Lanka]
* [http://sites.asiasociety.org/chola/ Devotion in South India: Chola Bronzes, Asia Society Museum exhibition]
 
[[Kategorija:Chola dinastija|*]]
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