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* {{cite encyclopedia | article=al-'Awāṣim | first = M. | last = Canard | encyclopedia = The Encyclopedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume I: A–B | publisher = BRILL | location = Leiden and New York | year = 1986 | isbn = 978-90-04-08114-7 | pages = 761–762}}
* {{cite book | first= Nadia Maria | last=El-Cheikh | title=Byzantium viewed by the Arabs | publisher=Harvard Center for Middle Eastern Studies |year= 2004 | isbn=978-0-932885-30-6 | url=http://books.google.com/books?id=QC03pKNpfaoC}}
* {{citeCite book| author = Shai Har-El| last = Har-El| first = Shai| title = Struggle for domination in the Middle East: the Ottoman-Mamluk War, 1485–91| url = http://books.google.com/?id=KUjl5hWOYVMC| year = 1995| publisher = BRILL| isbn = 978-90-04-10180-7 |ref=harv}}
* {{cite encyclopedia | article=AL-THUGHŪR | first = E. | last = Honigmann | encyclopedia = E.J. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913–1936, Volume VIII: Ṭa'if–Zūrkhāna | editor-first = Martijn Theodoor | editor-last = Houtsma | publisher = BRILL | location = Leiden | year = 1987 | isbn = 978-90-04-08265-4 | url = http://books.google.com/books?id=wpM3AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA738#v=onepage&q&f=false | pages = 738–739}}
* {{citeCite book| author = Walter E. Kaegi| last = Kaegi| first = Walter Emil| authorlink = Walter Kaegi| coauthors = Walter Emil Kaegi| title = Byzantium and the early Islamic conquests| url = http://books.google.com/?id=IvPVEb17uzkC| date year= 31. 03. 1995.| publisher = Cambridge University Press| isbn = 978-0-521-48455-8 |ref=harv}}
* {{citeCite book| author = Aleksandr Petrovich Kazhdan| last = Kazhdan| first = Alexander| title = [[The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium|Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium]]| year = 1991| publisher = Oxford University Press| isbn = 978-0-19-504652-6 |ref=harv}}
* {{cite encyclopedia | article =AL-'AWĀṢIM | first = Maximilian | last =Streck | encyclopedia= E.J. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913–1936, Volume I: A–Bābā Beg | editor-first = Martijn Theodoor | editor-last = Houtsma | publisher = BRILL | location = Leiden | year = 1987 | isbn = 978-90-04-08265-4 | url = http://books.google.com/books?id=zJU3AAAAIAAJ&lpg=PA515&pg=PA515#v=onepage&q&f=false | pages=515–516}}
* {{citeCite book| author = Paul Wheatley| last = Wheatley| first = Paul| title = The Places Where Men Pray Together: Cities in Islamic Lands, Seventh Through the Tenth Centuries| url = http://books.google.com/?id=6tFvlaM1LmgC| year = 2000| publisher = University of Chicago Press| isbn = 978-0-226-89428-7 |ref=harv}}
* {{citeCite book| author = Mark Whittow| last = Whittow| first = Mark| title = The Making of Byzantium, 600–1025| year = 1996| publisher = University of California Press| isbn = 978-0-520-20496-6 |ref=harv}}
 
== Dodatna literatura ==
* {{cite journal | title = The naming of the frontier: 'Awāṣim, Thughūr, and the Arab geographers | last = Bonner | first = Michael | journal = Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies | year = 1994 | volume = 57 | pages =17–24 | publisher= Cambridge University Press | doi = 10.1017/S0041977X0002807X}}
* {{cite journal | title = The Arab-Byzantine Frontier in the Eighth and Ninth Centuries: Military Organization and Society in the Borderlands | first1 = John F. | last1 = Haldon | first2 = Hugh | last2= Kennedy | journal = Recueil des Travaux de l'Institut d'Etudes Byzantins | year = 1980 | location=Belgrade | volume=19 | pages=79–116}}
* {{citeCite book| author = David Nicolle| last = Nicolle| first = David| coauthors = Adam Hook| title = Saracen Strongholds AD 630–1050: The Middle East and Central Asia| url = http://books.google.com/?id=RQbtr4ZAVlwC| date year= 17. 06. 2008.| publisher = Osprey Publishing| isbn = 978-1-84603-115-1 |ref=harv}}
{{Districts of Islamic Syria}}
 
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