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== Parni stroj i njegovo značenje ==
[[Datoteka:Hw-wattMaquina vapor Watt ETSIIM.jpg|thumb|Jamesleft|200px|Parna Wattmašina DŽejmsa Vata]]
[[Datoteka:Hw-watt.jpg|thumb|200px|James Watt]]
U 18. stoljeću je najveću manufakturnu proizvodnju imala [[Engleska]]. U njoj se povećavala potreba za tkaninama pa su proizvođači tkanina, radi povećavanja i ubrzavanja proizvodnje, primjenjivali izume u poduzećima.
 
 
== Primjena parnog stroja ==
[[Datoteka:FultonStephenson's Rocket.jpg|thumb|left|Robert200px|Stivensonova Fulton''Raketa'']]
[[Datoteka:Fulton.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Robert Fulton]]
Novi parni strojevi su vrlo brzo pronašli primjenu u tvornicama, [[rudnik|rudnicima]] i [[promet]]u. Strojevi koji su 'koristili vodenu paru kao pogonsko sredstvo morali su biti od čvrstog materijala - [[željezo|željeza]]. Zbog toga se naglo povećala potražnja za [[željezna rudača|željeznom rudačom]] i [[ugljen]]om.
 
[[SAD|Amerikanac]] [[Robert Fulton]] je [[1807]]. sagradio prvi [[parobrod]] koji je sa strane imao kotače s lopatama, a zvao je Clermont. Već [[1819]]. godine američki je parobrod '''Savannah''' preplovio [[Atlantski ocean]] za 26 dana.
 
[[Datoteka:George Stephenson - Project Gutenberg etext 13103.jpg|thumb|200px|George Stephenson]]
Godine [[1814]]. Englez [[George Stephenson]]' konstruirao je prvu [[parna lokomotiva|parnu lokomotivu]]. U početku je išla 20 [[km/h]], a kasnije i brže.
 
 
== Ostali važniji izumi i djela ==
[[Datoteka:Franklin-Benjamin-LOCMorse Telegraph 1837.jpg|thumb|left|Benjamin200px|Morzeov Franklintelegraf]]
[[Datoteka:Franklin-Benjamin-LOC.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Benjamin Franklin]]
U doba prve industrijske revolucije pojavili su se mnogi važni izumi koji se i danas koriste. Amerikanac [[Benjamin Franklin]] izumio je [[1752]]. [[munjovod]], djelotvornu zaštitu objekata od udara groma. Englez Sir [[Humphry Davy]] načinio je [[1815]]. [[Rudarska sigurnosna svjetiljka|Davyevu svjetiljku]] koju su koristili rudari. Time je znatno smanjen broj nesreća u [[rudnik|rudnicima]]. Slijepi [[Francuska|francuski]] učitelj [[Louis Braille]] izumio je [[1829]]. pismo za slijepce, poznatije kao [[Brailleovo pismo]]: slova brojevi i drugi znakovi na papiru označavaju se posebnim rasporedom ispupčenih točkica.
 
U vrijeme prve industrijske revolucije došlo je do promjena na selu. Seljaci su ranije sve poslove radili ručno, a od početka 19. stoljeća u poljodjelsku se proizvodnju počinju uvoditi strojevi. Jedan od njih bila je [[žetelica]]. U poljodjelstvu zapadnih europskih zemalja i SAD-a polako se primjenjuju znanstvane spoznaje - osobito dostignuća [[kemija|kemije]] (npr. izum mineralnog [[umjetno gnojivo|umjetnoga gnojiva]]), a obavlja se i odabir boljeg sjemena i stoke. Time je došlo do višestrukog povećanja proizvodnje hrane. Sve te promjene u poljodjelstvu nazivamo [[agrarna revolucija|agrarnom revolucijom]]. Uz to je u većini država tijekom 19. stoljeća došlo do ukidanja feudalnih odnosa na selu i jačanja privatnih poduzetnika u poljodjelstvu. Mnogi se seljaci nisu uspjeli održati u novim tržišnim uvjetima pa su ostali najamna radna snaga na velikim posjedima. Neki su se seljaci preseljavali u gradove i zapošljavali kao radnici u tvornicama.
 
== PovezniceVidite još ==
* [[Arhitektura industrijske revolucije]]
 
== Reference ==
{{reflist|2|refs=
<!--
<ref name="Clow52">{{Cite journal |last1=Clow|first1=Archibald |last2=Clow|first2=Nan L. |date=June 1952 |title=Chemical Revolution |publisher=Ayer Co |pages=65–90 |isbn=0-8369-1909-2 |postscript=}}</ref>
 
<ref name="Engels 1892 45, 48–53">{{cite book |title=The Condition of the Working-Class in England in 1844 |last=Engels |first=Friedrich |authorlink=|year=1892 |publisher=Swan Sonnenschein & Co |location=London |isbn= |pages=45, 48–53 |url=http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1844engels.html}}</ref>
 
<ref name="Buer">Mabel C. Buer, ''Health, Wealth and Population in the Early Days of the Industrial Revolution'', London: George Routledge & Sons, 1926, page 30 ISBN 0-415-38218-1</ref>
 
<ref name="Demographic Transition and Industrial Revolution: A Macroeconomic Investigation">{{cite web |title= Demographic Transition and Industrial Revolution: A Macroeconomic Investigation |year= 2007 |accessdate= 5 November 2007 |url=http://www.unc.edu/~oksana/Paper1.pdf |first1= Michael |last1= Bar |first2= Oksana |format=PDF |last2=Leukhina |quote=The decrease [in mortality] beginning in the second half of the 18th century was due mainly to declining adult mortality. Sustained decline of the mortality rates for the age groups 5-10, 10-15, and 15-25 began in the mid-19th century, while that for the age group 0-5 began three decades later |archiveurl= //web.archive.org/web/20071127160733/http://www.unc.edu/~oksana/Paper1.pdf |archivedate= 27 November 2007}}. Although the survival rates for infants and children were static over this period, the birth rate & overall life expectancy increased. Thus the population grew, but the average Briton was about as old in 1850 as in 1750 (see figures 5 & 6, page 28). Population size statistics from [http://www.mortality.org/ mortality.org] put the mean age at about 26.</ref>
 
<ref name="McNeil1990">{{cite book |title=An Encyclopedia of the History of Technology |last=McNeil |first=Ian|authorlink=|year=1990 |publisher=Routledge |location=London |isbn=0-415-14792-1 |pages=|url=|ref=harv}}</ref>
 
<ref name="BBC – Plague in Tudor and Stuart Britain">{{cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/voices/voices_salisbury.shtml |title=BBC – Plague in Tudor and Stuart Britain |publisher=bbc.co.uk |accessdate=3 November 2008}}</ref>
 
<ref name="Capital and Innovation: How Britain Became the First Industrial Nation">{{Cite book |title= Capital and Innovation: How Britain Became the First Industrial Nation |isbn= 0-9518382-4-5 |year= 2004 |first= Charles |last= Foster |publisher= Arley Hall Press |location= Northwich}} Argues that capital accumulation and wealth concentration in an entrepreneurial culture following the commercial revolution made the industrial revolution possible, for example.</ref>
 
<ref name="From Coal Mine Upwards: or Seventy Years of an Eventful Life">{{Cite book |last1= Dunn |first1= James |author1-link= |title= From Coal Mine Upwards: or Seventy Years of an Eventful Life |year= 1905 |isbn=1-4344-6870-4}}</ref>
 
<ref name="Lectures on Economic Growth">{{cite book |last= Lucas |first= Robert E., Jr. |authorlink= |title= Lectures on Economic Growth |publisher= Harvard University Press |year= 2002 |location= Cambridge |pages= 109–10|url= |doi= |id= |isbn= 978-0-674-01601-9}}</ref>
 
<ref name="Rehabilitating the Industrial Revolution">{{cite journal |doi=10.2307/2598327 |title=Rehabilitating the Industrial Revolution |year=1992 |author=Berg, Maxine |journal=The Economic History Review |volume=45 |author2=Hudson, Pat |issue=1 |publisher=The Economic History Review, Vol. 45, No. 1 |jstor=2598327 |pages=24–50 |authorlink2= }}</ref>
 
<ref name="Men, Machines and Modern Times">{{cite book |title=Men, Machines and Modern Times |last=Morison |first=Elting E. |authorlink=|year=1966|publisher=The M.I.T Press|location=Cambridga, Ma and London, UK |isbn=|pages=|url=}}</ref>
 
<ref name="ReviewOfCambridge">{{cite web |url= http://deirdremccloskey.org/articles/floud.php |title= Review of The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Britain (edited by Roderick Floud and Paul Johnson), Times Higher Education Supplement, 15 January 2004 |first= Deidre |last= McCloskey |year= 2004 |doi= |id= |isbn=}}</ref>
 
<ref name="Technics & Civilization">{{cite web |url=http://www.amazon.com/gp/reader/015688254X?p=S00Q&checkSum=udoW5CVmUdy3Y45ns0wtGk7Wesh6yWx220dcukbd7VE%3D |title=Technics & Civilization |publisher=Lewis Mumford |accessdate=8 January 2009}}</ref>
 
<ref name="The Escape from Hunger and Premature Death, 1700-2100">{{cite book |title=The Escape from Hunger and Premature Death, 1700–2100|last=Fogel |first=Robert W.|authorlink= |year=2004 |publisher=Cambridge University Press|location=London |isbn=0-521-80878-2 |pages=|url=}}</ref>
 
<ref name="Testimony Gathered by Ashley's Mines Commission">{{cite web |title= Testimony Gathered by Ashley's Mines Commission |year= 2008 |accessdate= 22 March 2008 |url=http://www.victorianweb.org/history/ashley.html}}</ref>
 
<ref name="The Industrial Revolution ''Past and Future''">{{cite web |url= http://www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/region/04-05/essay.cfm |title= The Industrial Revolution ''Past and Future'' |first= Robert |last= Lucas |year= 2003 |quote= [consider] annual growth rates of 2.4 percent for the first 60 years of the 20th century, of 1 percent for the entire 19th century, of one-third of 1 percent for the 18th century}}</ref>
 
<ref name="The Industrial Revolution by Pat Hudson, pg. 198">{{cite book|url=http://books.google.com/?id=Bh7HVl92bVMC&pg=PA194&lpg=PA194&dq=Industrial+Revolution,+slavery#PPA198,M1 |title=The Industrial Revolution by Pat Hudson, pg. 198 |publisher=Books.google.com |accessdate=30 January 2011|isbn=978-0-7131-6531-9|year=1992}}</ref>
 
<ref name="The Industrial Revolution – Innovations">{{cite web|author=Eric Bond, Sheena Gingerich, Oliver Archer-Antonsen, Liam Purcell, Elizabeth Macklem |url=http://industrialrevolution.sea.ca/innovations.html |title=The Industrial Revolution – Innovations |publisher=Industrialrevolution.sea.ca |date=17 February 2003 |accessdate=30 January 2011}}</ref>
 
<ref name="The Industrial Revolution – Causes">{{cite web|author=Eric Bond, Sheena Gingerich, Oliver Archer-Antonsen, Liam Purcell, Elizabeth Macklem |url=http://industrialrevolution.sea.ca/causes.html |title=The Industrial Revolution – Causes |publisher=Industrialrevolution.sea.ca |date=17 February 2003 |accessdate=30 January 2011}}</ref>
 
<ref name="The Industrial Revolution">{{cite web |publisher= Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis |url= http://www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/region/04-05/essay.cfm |title= The Industrial Revolution |accessdate= 14 November 2007 |author= Robert Lucas, Jr. |year= 2003 |quote= it is fairly clear that up to 1800 or maybe 1750, no society had experienced sustained growth in per capita income. (Eighteenth century population growth also averaged one-third of 1 percent, the same as production growth.) That is, up to about two centuries ago, per capita incomes in all societies were stagnated at around $400 to $800 per year.}}</ref>
 
<ref name="The Industrial Revolution13">{{cite book|last=Hudson|first=Pat|title=The Industrial Revolution|publisher=Edward Arnold|location=London|year=1992|page=11|isbn=978-0-7131-6531-9}}</ref>
 
<ref name="The Life of the Industrial Worker in Nineteenth-Century England">{{cite web |title= The Life of the Industrial Worker in Nineteenth-Century England |year= 2008 |accessdate= 22 March 2008 |url=http://www.victorianweb.org/history/workers1.html}}</ref>
 
<ref name="The Origins of the Industrial Revolution in England">{{cite web|author=Steven Kreis |url=http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/lecture17a.html |title=The Origins of the Industrial Revolution in England |publisher=Historyguide.org |date=11 October 2006 |accessdate=30 January 2011}}</ref>
 
<ref name="The industrial revolution in national context: Europe and the USA">{{cite book|last=Crouzet|first=François|title=The industrial revolution in national context: Europe and the USA|editor=Teich, Mikuláš; Roy Porter |publisher=Cambridge University Press|year=1996|page=45|chapter=France|isbn=978-0-521-40940-7|lccn=95025377}}</ref>
 
<ref name="Trends in Real Wages in Britain, 1750-1913">{{cite journal |doi=10.1006/exeh.1994.1007 |title=Trends in Real Wages in Britain, 1750–1913 |year=1994 |author=Crafts, N |journal=Explorations in Economic History |volume=31 |page=176 |issue=2 |last2=Mills |first2=Terence C.}}</ref>
 
<ref name="Woodward81">Woodward, D. (1981) ''[http://past.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/pdf_extract/91/1/28 Wage rates and living standards in pre-industrial England]'' Past & Present 1981 91(1):28-46</ref>
 
<ref name="Was slavery the engine of economic growth? Digital History">{{cite web|author=Digital History, Steven Mintz |url=http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/topic_display.cfm?tcid=104 |title=Was slavery the engine of economic growth? Digital History |publisher=Digitalhistory.uh.edu |accessdate=30 January 2011}} </ref>
 
<ref name="allen">Rolt and Allen, 145</ref>
 
<ref name="archive">{{Wayback |df=yes|date=20080207075746 |url=http://jquarter.members.beeb.net/morelunar.htm |title=The Lunar Society }} at Moreabout, the website of the ''Birmingham Jewellery Quarter'' guide, Bob Miles.</ref>
 
<ref name="archives">"[http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/hine-photos/ Photographs of Lewis Hine: Documentation of Child Labor]". The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration.</ref>
 
<ref name="archive5">{{Wayback |df=yes|date=20070609204531 |url=http://www.chartists.net/General-Strike-1842 |title=General Strike 1842 }} From chartists.net. Retrieved 13 November 2006.</ref>
 
<ref name="ashbourne">L.T.C. Rolt and J. S. Allen, ''The Steam engine of Thomas Newcomen'' (Landmark, Ashbourne, 1997), 44.</ref>
 
<ref name="bbc">[http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/victorian_medicine_01.shtml BBC - History - Victorian Medicine - From Fluke to Theory]. Published: 1 February 2002.</ref>
 
<ref name="britannica">"[http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/387301/modernization/12022/Population-change Modernization - Population Change]". Encyclopædia Britannica.</ref>
 
<ref name="countrystudies">"[http://countrystudies.us/united-states/history-82.htm United States History - The Struggles of Labor]". Library of Congress Country Studies.</ref>
 
<ref name="childslaves">{{cite news |author= |url= http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1312764/Britains-child-slaves-New-book-says-misery-helped-forge-Britain.html |title= Britain's child slaves: They started at 4am, lived off acorns and had nails put through their ears for shoddy work. Yet, says a new book, their misery helped forge Britain |date= 17 September 2010 |work= dailymail.co.uk |accessdate= 19 September 2010 |location=London |first=Annabel |last=Venning}}</ref>
 
<ref name="britannica7">[http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/361363/Manchester Manchester (England, United Kingdom)]. Encyclopædia Britannica.</ref>
 
<ref name="britannica8">Encyclopædia Britannica (1998): ''Samuel Slater''</ref>
 
<ref name="association">{{cite journal |last= Fullerton |first= Ronald A. |authorlink= |title= How Modern Is Modern Marketing? Marketing's Evolution and the Myth of the "Production Era" |journal= The Journal of Marketing |volume= 52 |issue= 1 |pages= 108–125 |publisher= American Marketing Association |location= New York City, NY |date= January 1988 |doi= 10.2307/1251689 |id= |jstor=1251689}}</ref>
 
<ref name="continuity">E A Wrigley, ''Continuity chance and change''.</ref>
 
<ref name="development2">Hulse, David H: The Early Development of the Steam Engine; TEE Publishing, Leamington Spa, UK, 1999 ISBN 1-85761-107-1</ref>
 
<ref name="industrial">Watt steam engine File: located in the lobby of into the Superior Technical School of Industrial Engineers of the UPM (Madrid)</ref>
 
<ref name="google1">Joseph E Inikori. ''Africans and the Industrial Revolution in England'', Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-01079-9 [http://books.google.com/books?ie=UTF-8&vid=ISBN0521010799&id=y7rhKYWhCyIC&pg=PA102&lpg=PA102&sig=zOPr9UkQv258KyhCkuFM0abERnI Read it]</ref>
 
<ref name="google3">Overton, Mark. [http://books.google.com/books?id=nj8ixXhFgLAC&pg=PA122&dq=Rotherham+plough+of+1730&hl=en&ei=-YYLTbmNOsfBhAeHi7W3Cw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CDkQ6AEwBDgK#v=onepage&q=Rotherham%20plough%20of%201730&f=false Agricultural revolution in England: the transformation of the agrarian economy, 1500–1850] Cambridge University Press, 1996</ref>
 
<ref name="econlib">[http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/IndustrialRevolutionandtheStandardofLiving.html Industrial Revolution and the Standard of Living] From www.econlib.org, downloaded 17 July 2006.</ref>
 
<ref name="hartwell">R.M. Hartwell, ''The Rising Standard of Living in England, 1800–1850'', Economic History Review, 1963, page 398 ISBN 0-631-18071-0</ref>
 
<ref name="independent">"[http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/a-portrait-of-britain-in-2031-395231.html A portrait of Britain in 2031]". The Independent. 24 October 2007.</ref>
 
<ref name="industrial4">R.M. Hartwell, ''The Industrial Revolution and Economic Growth'', Methuen and Co., 1971, page&nbsp;339–341 ISBN 0-416-19500-8</ref>
 
<ref name="lorenzen">[http://www.julielorenzen.net/berg.html Rehabilitating the Industrial Revolution] by Julie Lorenzen, Central Michigan University. Retrieved November 2006.</ref>
 
<ref name="galbithink">"[http://www.galbithink.org/child.htm Child Labour and the Division of Labour in the Early English Cotton Mills]". Douglas A. Galbi. Centre for History and Economics, King's College, Cambridge CB2 1ST.</ref>
 
<ref name="memphis">[http://www.ce.memphis.edu/1101/notes/concrete/concrete_properties_slides.pdf ''Properties of Concrete''] Published lecture notes from University of Memphis Department of Civil Engineering. Retrieved 17 October 2007.</ref>
 
<ref name="language">a word from Walloon language origin</ref>
 
<ref name="erih">{{cite web|url=http://en.erih.net/index.php?pageId=114 |title=European Route of Industrial Heritage |publisher=En.erih.net |accessdate=19 August 2013}}</ref>
 
<ref name="linguistiques">Michel De Coster, ''Les enjeux des conflits linguistiques'', L'Harmattan, Paris, 2007, ISBN 978-2-296-03394-8, pages&nbsp;122–123</ref>
 
<ref name="prb">"[http://www.prb.org/Educators/TeachersGuides/HumanPopulation/Urbanization.aspx Human Population: Urbanization]". Population Reference Bureau.</ref>
 
<ref name="dklevine">Michele Boldrin and David K. Levine, [http://www.dklevine.com/general/intellectual/againstfinal.htm Against Intellectual Monopoly], {{PDFlink|[http://www.dklevine.com/papers/imbookfinal01.pdf Chapter 1, final online version January 2, 2008]|55&nbsp;KB}}, page 15. Cambridge University Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-521-87928-6</ref>
 
<ref name="prb6">"[http://www.prb.org/Educators/TeachersGuides/HumanPopulation/PopulationGrowth/QuestionAnswer.aspx Human Population: Population Growth: Question and Answer]". Population Reference Bureau.</ref>
 
<ref name="dictatorship">Barrington Moore, Jr., ''Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World'', pp.&nbsp;29–30, Boston, Beacon Press, 1966.</ref>
 
<ref name="publishing">Chris Evans, Göran Rydén, ''The Industrial Revolution in Iron; The impact of British Coal Technology in Ninenteenth-Century Europe'' Published by Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., Farnham2005, pp.&nbsp;37–38 ISBN 0-7546-3390-X.</ref>
 
<ref name="marczewski">Jean Marczewski, « Y a-t-il eu un "''take-off''" en France ? », 1961, dans les ''Cahiers de l'ISEA''</ref>
 
<ref name="revolution">Eric Hobsbawm, ''The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789–1848'', Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd., p. 27 ISBN 0-349-10484-0</ref>
 
<ref name="google11">Deane, Phyllis. ''The First Industrial Revolution'', Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-29609-9 [http://books.google.com/books?ie=UTF-8&vid=ISBN0521296099&id=eMBG_soDdNoC&pg=PA131&lpg=PA131&sig=xzXl17mm0GYiH80TH-V0lR7JVAk Read it]</ref>
 
<ref name="reintroduction">''Encyclopædia Britannica'' (2008) "Building construction: the reintroduction of modern concrete"</ref>
 
<ref name="google12">Jackson J. Spielvogel (2009). "''[http://books.google.com/books?id=fwxLkRmd-4QC&printsec=frontcover&dq=&hl=en&cd=1#v=onepage&q=&f=false Western Civilization: Since 1500]''". p.607.</ref>
 
<ref name="statistics">"[http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/fertility-analysis/focus-on-people-and-migration/december-2005/focus-on-people-and-migration---focus-on-people-and-migration---chapter-1.pdf The UK population: past, present and future -- Chapter 1]" (PDF). Statistics.gov.uk</ref>
 
<ref name="industrial10">Hudson, Pat. ''The Industrial Revolution'', Oxford University Press US. ISBN 0-7131-6531-6</ref>
 
<ref name="victorianweb">[http://www.victorianweb.org/history/workers1.html The Life of the Industrial Worker in Nineteenth-Century England], Laura Del Col, West Virginia University.</ref>
 
<ref name="ugent">Muriel Neven and Isabelle Devos, 'Breaking stereotypes', in M. Neven and I. Devos (editors), 'Recent work in Belgian Historical Demography', in ''Revue belge d'histoire contemporaine'', XXXI, 2001, 3-4, pages&nbsp;347–359 [http://www.flwi.ugent.be/btng-rbhc/pdf/BTNG-RBHC,%2031,%202001,%203-4,%20inhoud.pdf FLWI.ugent.be]</ref>
 
<ref name="historyguide">[http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/lecture17a.html The Origins of the Industrial Revolution in England] |The History Guide, Steven Kreis, 11 October 2006 – Accessed January 2007</ref>
 
<ref name="philippe">Philippe Raxhon, ''Le siècle des forges ou la Wallonie dans le creuset belge (1794–1914)'', in B. Demoulin and JL Kupper (editors), ''Histoire de la Wallonie'', Privat, Toulouse, 2004, pages&nbsp;233–276, p. 246 ISBN 2-7089-4779-6</ref>
 
<ref name="iisg">{{PDFlink|[http://www.iisg.nl/research/jvz-cobbdouglas.pdf Cobb-Douglas in pre-modern Europe1 – Simulating early modern growth]|254&nbsp;KB}} Jan Luiten van Zanden, International Institute of Social History/University of Utrecht. May 2005. Retrieved January 2007.</ref>
 
<ref name="stereotypes">Muriel Neven and Isabelle Devos, ''Breaking stereotypes'', art. cit., pages&nbsp;315–316</ref>
 
<ref name="india_resource">[http://india_resource.tripod.com/colonial.html South Asian History] -Pages from the history of the Indian subcontinent: British rule and the legacy of colonisation. Rajni-Palme Dutt ''India Today'' (Indian Edition published 1947). Retrieved January 2007.</ref>
 
<ref name="manufacturers">Bagnall, William R. The Textile Industries of the United States: Including Sketches and Notices of Cotton, Woolen, Silk, and Linen Manufacturers in the Colonial Period. Vol. I. The Riverside Press, 1893.</ref>
 
<ref name="industrialisation">Eric Schiff, ''Industrialisation without national patents: the Netherlands, 1869–1912; Switzerland, 1850–1907'', Princeton University Press, 1971.</ref>
 
<ref name="publication">"Made In Beverly-A History of Beverly Industry", by Daniel J. Hoisington. A publication of the Beverly Historic District Commission. 1989.</ref>
 
<ref name="j-bradford-delong">[http://www.j-bradford-delong.net/movable_type/archives/000891.html Why No Industrial Revolution in Ancient Greece?] J. Bradford DeLong, Professor of Economics, University of California at Berkeley, 20 September 2002. Retrieved January 2007.</ref>
 
<ref name="mises">{{PDFlink|[https://www.mises.org/journals/rae/pdf/rae4_1_5.pdf Karl Marx: Communist as Religious Eschatologist]|3.68&nbsp;MB}}</ref>
 
<ref name="mott-smith">{{cite book |title=The Concept of Energy Simply Explained |last=Mott-Smith |first=Morton| year=1964| origyear=Unabridged and revised version of the book first published by D. Appleton-Century Company in 1934 under the former title: The Story of Energy |publisher=Dover Publications, Inc. |location=New York |isbn=0-486-21071-5 |pages=13–14}}</ref>
 
<ref name="professor">How Earth Made Us: Fire by Professor Iain Stewart</ref>
 
<ref name="manufacturing">The Royal Navy itself may have contributed to Britain's industrial growth. Among the first complex industrial manufacturing processes to arise in Britain were those that produced material for British warships. For instance, the average warship of the period used roughly 1000 pulley fittings. With a fleet as large as the Royal Navy, and with these fittings needing to be replaced ever 4 to 5 years, this created a great demand which encouraged industrial expansion. The industrial manufacture of rope can also be see as a similar factor.</ref>
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}}
 
== Literatura ==
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{{refend}}
 
== Spoljašnje veze ==
{{Commonscat|Industrial revolution}}
* [https://gdinpopara.wordpress.com/2009/10/14/industrijska-revolucija/ Industrijska revolucija]
* [http://e-kako.geek.hr/drustvo/povijest/kako-je-nasatala-prva-industrijska-revolucija/ Kako je nastala prva industrijska revolucija?]
* [http://australis.bloger.index.hr/post/industrijska-revolucija/459057.aspx O industrijskoj revoluciji]
* {{dmoz|Society/History/By_Time_Period/Eighteenth_Century/Industrial_Revolution/}}
* [http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/modsbook14.html Internet Modern History Sourcebook: Industrial Revolution]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/scottishhistory/enlightenment/features_enlightenment_industry.shtml BBC History Home Page: Industrial Revolution]
* [http://www.makingthemodernworld.org.uk/ National Museum of Science and Industry website: machines and personalities]
* [http://www.galbithink.org/fw.htm Factory Workers in the Industrial Revolution]
* [http://www.revolutionaryplayers.org.uk/home.stm Revolutionary Players website]
* [http://www.history.com/topics/industrial-revolution The Industrial Revolution]—Articles, Video, Pictures, and Facts
* [http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/IndustrialRevolutionandtheStandardofLiving.html ''Industrial Revolution and the Standard of Living''] by Clark Nardinelli – the debate over whether standards of living rose or fell.
* [http://www.dingdongcounthouse.org.uk The History of the Count House of Ding Dong Mine, Cornwall where Richard Trevithick carried out his first experiments with high pressure steam]
* [http://www.dspace.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/270 "The Day the World Took Off" Six part video series from the University of Cambridge tracing the question "Why did the Industrial Revolution begin when and where it did."]
 
[[Kategorija:Industrija|Revolucija]]
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