Razlike između izmjena na stranici "Vincent van Gogh"

Dodano 4.340 bajtova ,  prije 5 godina
Art historian [[Albert Boime]] believes that Van Gogh – even in seemingly fantastical compositions like ''Starry Night'' – based his work in reality.<ref>Boime (1989)</ref> The ''[[White House at Night]]'', shows a house at twilight with a prominent star surrounded by a yellow halo in the sky. Astronomers at [[Southwest Texas State University]] in San Marcos calculated that the star is Venus, which was bright in the evening sky in June 1890 when Van Gogh is believed to have painted the picture.<ref>At around 8:00&nbsp;pm on 16 June 1890, as astronomers determined by [[Venus]]'s position in the painting. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1209192.stm Star dates Van Gogh canvas], [[BBC News]], 8 March 2001.</ref>
=== Samoportreti ===
{{multiple image
| align = left
| direction = horizontal
| header =
| header_align = left/right/center
| header_background =
| footer
| footer_align = left/right/center
| footer_background =
| width =
| image1 = Van_Gogh_Self-Portrait_with_Straw_Hat_1887-Metropolitan.jpg|
| width1 = 121
| caption1 = ''Samoportret sa slamnim šeširom'', Pariz, zima 1887/88, [[Metropolitan Museum of Art]], (F365v)
| alt1 = A red-bearded man with a straw hat on gazes to the left.
| image2 = Vincent van Gogh - Self-Portrait - Google Art Project.jpg|
| width2 = 126
| caption2 = ''Samoportret'', septembar 1889, (F 627), ulje na platnu, 65 cm × 54&nbsp;cm. [[Musée d'Orsay]], Paris. This may have been Van Gogh's last self portrait.{{sfn|Walther|2000|p=74}}
| alt2 = A mid to late 30s intense man with red beard gazing to the left wearing a green coat.
| image3 = Vincent Willem van Gogh 102.jpg|
| width3 = 122
| caption3 = ''Samoportret without beard'', kraj septembra 1889, (F 525), Oil on canvas, 40 × 31 cm., Private collection. This may have been Van Gogh's last self portrait, given as a birthday gift to his mother.<ref name="pick">Pickvance (1986), 131</ref>
| alt3 = An intense man clean shaven man, with close cropped hair looks to the left.
| image4 = Vincent van Gogh - Self-Portrait - Google Art Project (719161).jpg
| width4 = 119
| caption4 = ''Samoportret'', 1889, [[National Gallery of Art]]. All self-portraits executed in Saint-Rémy show the artist's head from the right, i.e. the side with the unmutilated ear, since he painted himself as he saw himself in the mirror.
| alt4 = A redbearded man in a blue smock holding paintbrushes and artist palette in his hand; looks to the left}}
[[File:USA-National Gallery of Art.JPG|thumb|right|Detail of ''Self-portrait'' (1889)]]
Van Gogh created many self-portraits during his lifetime. He was a prolific self-portraitist, who drew and painted himself more than 43 times between 1886 and 1889.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.musee-orsay.fr/en/collections/works-in-focus/painting/commentaire_id/portrait-de-lartiste-433.html?tx_commentaire_pi1%5BpidLi%5D=509&tx_commentaire_pi1%5Bfrom%5D=841&cHash=b052379f62|title=Musée d'Orsay: Vincent van Gogh Self-Portrait|date=4 February 2009|work=musee-orsay.fr}}</ref><ref>[http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/genres/self-portraits.htm ''Encyclopedia of Irish and World Art'': "art of self-portrait"]; retrieved 13 June 2010.</ref> In all, the gaze of the painter is seldom directed at the viewer; even when it is a fixed gaze, he appears to look elsewhere. The paintings vary in intensity and color and some portray the artist with beard, some beardless, some with bandages – depicting the episode in which he severed a portion of his ear. ''Self-portrait Without Beard'', from late September 1889, is one of the [[List of most expensive paintings|most expensive paintings]] of all time, selling for $71.5&nbsp;million in 1998 in New York.<ref>[http://www.chiff.com/a/painting-top-ten.htm "Top-ten most expensive paintings"]. Chiff.com; retrieved 13 June 2010.</ref> At the time, it was the third (or an inflation-adjusted fourth) most expensive painting ever sold. It was also Van Gogh's last self-portrait, given as a birthday gift to his mother.<ref name="pick">Pickvance (1986), p. 131</ref>
All of the self-portraits painted in Saint-Rémy show the artist's head from the right, the side opposite his mutilated ear, as he painted himself reflected in his mirror.<ref>Cohen, Ben. [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC539517 "A Tale of Two Ears"], ''Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine''. June 2003. vol. 96. issue 6; retrieved 24 August 2010.</ref><ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/1989/09/17/arts/l-van-gogh-myths-the-ear-in-the-mirror-835489.html ''Van Gogh Myths; The ear in the mirror'']. Letter to the ''[[New York Times]]'', 17 September 1989; retrieved 24 August 2010.</ref><ref>[http://www.vangoghgallery.com/misc/selfportrait.html ''Self Portraits''], Van Gogh Gallery; retrieved 24 August 2010.</ref> During the final weeks of his life in [[Auvers-sur-Oise]], he produced many paintings, but no self-portraits, a period in which he returned to painting the natural world.<ref>Metzger and Walther (1993), p. 653</ref>
== Utjecaj ==