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Prvi put reč televizija upotrebljen je [[1900]]. godine, na međunarodnom kongresu u [[Pariz]]u, u delu »Električna televizija« Perskog, a u gotovo isto vreme jedan [[Francuska|francuski]] bibliotekar je grupišući radove koji se odnose na [[elektrika|električno]] prenošenje slike na daljinu upotrebio isti izraz »televizija«. Iako je ovaj izraz u suštini netačan (budući da je televizija prenos i [[slika|slike]] i [[zvuk]]a, dakle prisutan je i element slušanja), opšte je prihvaćen i bilo ga je nemoguće promeniti..<ref>Osnovi organizacije Tv delatnosti, Z. Popović, FDU, Boegrad,1987.</ref>
 
TelevisionTelevizija becameje commerciallypostala availablekomercijalno indostupna au crudegruboj experimentaleksperimentalnoj formformi intokom thekasnih late 1920s1920-tih. AfterNakon [[WorldDrugi Warsvjetski IIrat|Drugog svetskog rata]], an improvedpoboljšani formoblik wastelevizije popularizedje inpopularizovan theu UnitedSjedinjenim StatesDržavama andi BritainBritaniji, andi televisiontelevizijski setaparat becamese commonplaceustalio inu homeskućama, businessespreduzećima, andi institutionsinstitucijama. DuringTokom the 1950s1950-kih, televisiontelevizija becameje thepostala primaryprimarni mediummedijum forza moldingoblikovanje [[publicjavno mnjenje|javnog opinionmnjenja]].<ref name="Diggs-Brown2011p53">Diggs-Brown, Barbara (2011) [http://books.google.com/books?id=7c0ycySng4YC&pg=PA53&lpg=PA53 ''Strategic Public Relations: Audience Focused Practice''] p.48</ref> InTokom the mid1960-1960stih, colortelevizija u boji broadcastingje becamezadobila popularpopularnost inu theSAD USi andtaj begantrend insu mostsledile otherdruge developedrazvijene countrieszemlje. TheDostupnost availabilitymedija ofza storagečuvanje mediapodataka suchkao asšto su [[VHS]] (1976), [[DVD]]s (1997), and high-definitioni [[Blu-ray Disc|Blu-ray diskovi]]s visoke rezolucije (2006), enabledomogućio viewersje togledaocima useda thekoriste televisiontelevizijski setaparat toza watchgledanja recordedsnimljenog materialmaterijala suchpoput asfilmova moviesi andtelevizijskih broadcast materialprograma. TowardsKrajem theprve enddecenije of2000-tih the first decade of the 2000s, thes transitiontranzicijom tona [[digitalDigitalna televisiontelevizija|digitalnu televiziju]] greatlyje increasedznatno itsporasla popularitypopularnost televizije. SinceOd 2010, withsa the arrival ofdolaskom [[smartPametna televisiontelevizija|pametne televizije]], [[Internet televisiontelevizija|Internet televizija]] hasje seendovela thedo risedostupnosti oftelevizijskih television programming available via theprograma na [[Internet]]u throughputem servicesservisa suchkao asšto su na primer [[Netflix]], [[iPlayer]], andi [[Hulu]], for example.
 
InGodine 2013, 79% of the world's households owned a television set.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.tvtechnology.com/opinions/0087/the-state-of-television-worldwide/222681|title=TVTechnology: The State of Television, Worldwide|publisher=|accessdate=March 22, 2015}}</ref> The replacement of bulky, high-voltage [[Cathode ray tube|cathode ray tube (CRT)]] screen displays with compact, energy-efficient, flat-panel alternatives such as [[plasma display]]s, [[LCD]]s (both [[Cold cathode#Lamps|fluorescent-backlit]] and [[LED-backlit LCD display|LED]]), and [[OLED]] displays was a major hardware revolution that began penetrating the consumer computer monitor market in the late 1990s and soon spread to TV sets in the 2000s. After 2010, most of the TV sets sold were flat-panel, mainly LEDs. Major TV manufacturers announced the discontinuation of CRT, DLP, plasma, and even fluorescent-backlit LCDs by the mid-2010s.<ref name="cepro.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.cepro.com/article/mitsubishi_drops_dlp_displays_goodbye_rptvs_forever/|title=Mitsubishi Drops DLP Displays: Goodbye RPTVs Forever|author=Julie Jacobson|date=December 1, 2012|publisher=|accessdate=March 22, 2015}}</ref><ref name="tomsguide.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.tomsguide.com/us/lg-end-plasma-tvs,news-19840.html|title=LG's Exit May Herald End of Plasma TVs|author=Marshall Honorof|work=Tom's Guide|accessdate=March 22, 2015}}</ref><ref name="datadisplay-group.com">http://www.datadisplay-group.com/fileadmin/pdf/produkte/EOL_PCN/EOL_notice_customer_CCFL_reflector120711.pdf</ref> LEDs are expected to be replaced gradually by OLEDs in near future.<ref name="oled-info.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.oled-info.com/lg-electronics-expects-oled-tv-market-gradually-replace-led-tv-market|title=LG Electronics expects the OLED TV market to gradually replace the LED TV market|publisher=|accessdate=March 22, 2015}}</ref> Also, major manufacturers have announced that they will increasingly produce smart TV sets in the mid-2010s.<ref name="theverge.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.theverge.com/2015/1/5/7497383/sony-new-smart-tv-run-android-tv-ces-2015|title=All of Sony's new smart TVs run on Android TV|publisher=Vox Media|work=The Verge|accessdate=March 22, 2015}}</ref><ref name="techtimes.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.techtimes.com/articles/24117/20150103/ces-2015-new-samsung-smart-tvs-will-be-powered-by-tizen-os.htm|title=CES 2015: New Samsung Smart TVs Will Be Powered by Tizen OS|work=Tech Times|accessdate=March 22, 2015}}</ref><ref name="cnet.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.cnet.com/news/lg-to-show-off-webos-2-0-smart-tv-at-ces-2015/|title=LG to show off webOS 2.0 smart TV at CES 2015|publisher=CBS Interactive|work=CNET|accessdate=March 22, 2015}}</ref> Smart TVs are expected to become the dominant form of television set by the late 2010s.
 
Television signals were initially distributed only as [[broadcast television]] or [[terrestrial television]] which is modeled on [[radio broadcasting]] systems. Terrestrial television uses high-powered [[Radio frequency|radio-frequency]] transmitters to [[broadcasting|broadcast]] the television signal to individual television receivers. In addition to the original terrestrial transmission method, television signals are also distributed by [[Cable television|co-axial cable or optical fibre]], [[Satellite television|satellite]] systems and over the [[Internet television|Internet]]. Until the early 2000s, television signals were transmitted as [[analog television|analog]] signals but soon countries started switching to [[digital television|digital]] signals, with the [[Digital television transition|transition]] expected to be completed worldwide by late 2010s. A standard television set is composed of multiple internal [[electronic circuit]]s, including circuits for [[Tuner (electronics)|receiving]] and decoding broadcast signals. A visual [[display device]] which lacks a [[tuner (television)|tuner]] is properly called a [[video monitor]] rather than a television.
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