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Percival Lowell oko 1904.

Percival Lawrence Lowell (13. mart 1855. – 12. novembar 1916.) bio je američki biznismen, književnik, matematičar, i astronom koji je podgrijao razmišljanje o tome da postoje kanali na Marsu. On je osnovao Lowell opservatoriju u Flagstaffu, Arizona, i oblikovao početne napore koji su vodili otkriću Plutona 14 godina nakon njegove smrti.

BiografijaUredi

Percival Lowell je bio član bogate Bostonske, Massachusetts, porodice Lowell. Rođen je u  Cambridgeu 13. marta 1855,[1] i brat je Abbott Lawrence Lowella i Amy Lowell.[1][2]

Kanali na MarsuUredi

 
Marsovski kanali na crtežu Percival Lowell-a.

PublikacijeUredi

  • Percival Lowell Collected Writings on Japan and Asia, including Letters to Amy Lowell and Lafcadio Hearn, 5 vols., Tokyo: Edition Synapse. ISBN 978-4-901481-48-9 www.aplink.co.jp/synapse/4-901481-48-7.htm
  • Percival Lowell The Evolution of Worlds (1910) (Cijeli tekst na [./Datoteka:Wikisource-logo.svg  ] The Evolution of Worlds.)

ReferenceUredi

  1. 1,0 1,1 "Chosön, the Land of the Morning Calm; a Sketch of Korea". 1888. http://www.wdl.org/en/item/2377/. pristupljeno June 11, 2013. 
  2. Littmann, Mark (1985). Planets Beyond: Discovering the Outer Solar System. Courier. str. 62–3. ISBN 0-486-43602-0. 

LiteraturaUredi

  • Zahnel K. (2001). "Decline and Fall of the Martian Empire". Nature 412 (6843): 209–213. PMID 11449281. doi:10.1038/35084148. 
  • Crossley R. (2000). "Percival Lowell and the history of Mars". Massachusetts Review 41 (3): 297–318. 
  • Strauss D. (1994). "Lowell, Percival, Pickering, W. H. and the founding of the Lowell Observatory". Annals of Science 51 (1): 37–58. doi:10.1080/00033799400200121. 
  • Trefil J. (1988). "Turn-of-the-Century American Astronomer Lowell, Percival". Smithsonian 18 (10): 34–. 
  • Meyer W. B. (1984). "Life on Mars is almost Certain + Lowell,Percival on Exobiology". American Heritage 35 (2): 38–43. 
  • Hetherington N. S. (1981). "Lowell, Percival – Professional Scientist or Interloper". Journal of the History of Ideas 42 (1): 159–161. JSTOR 2709423. doi:10.2307/2709423. 
  • Heffernan W. C. (1981). "Lowell, Percival and the Debate over Extraterrestrial Life". Journal of the History of Ideas 42 (3): 527–530. JSTOR 2709191. doi:10.2307/2709191. 
  • Webb G. E. (1980). "The Planet Mars and Science in Victorian America". Journal of American Culture 3 (4): 573. doi:10.1111/j.1542-734X.1980.0304_573.x. 
  • Hoyt W. G.; Wesley W. G. (1977). "Lowell and Mars". American Journal of Physics 45 (3): 316–317. Bibcode:1977AmJPh..45..316H. doi:10.1119/1.10630. 
  • Hofling C. K. (1964). "Percival Lowell and the Canals of Mars". British Journal of Medical Psychology 37 (1): 33–42. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8341.1964.tb01304.x.