Mauzolej Qianling

Koordinate: 34°34′23.37″N 108°13′6.94″E / 34.5731583°N 108.2185944°E / 34.5731583; 108.2185944

Mauzolej Qianling (pojednostavljeni kineski: tradicionalni kineski: pinyin: Qiánlíng) je kompleksa grobnica kineske dinastije Tang smješten u okrugu Qian u provinciji Shaanxi, oko 85 km sjeverozapadno od grada Xi'an,[1] odnosno nekadašnje carske prijestolnice. Sagrađen je godine 684. te dograđen 706. Grobnice mauzoleja sadrže posmrtne ostatke nekoliko članova vladajuće porodice Li. Među njima su Car Gaozong od Tanga (vl. 649–83), kao i njegova supruga carica Wu Zetian (vl. 690–705). Mauzolej je poznat zbog niza kamenih statua koje se nalaze iznad zemlje kao i brojnih fresaka koje krase podzemne zidove. Osim dviju glavnih carskih grobnica, ukupno ima 17 manjih grobnica poznatih kao peizang mu.[2] Trenutno su samo njih pet otkopali i istražili arheolozi; od toga tri pripadaju članovima carske porodice, jedan carskom kancelaru te jedna gardijskom generalu.[3]

Članovi službene povorke, freska u grobnici Li Xiana, 706.; svaka od njih je u projseku visoka 160 cm.

IzvoriUredi

  1. Valder (2002), 80.
  2. Eckfeld (2005), 26. 34° 34' 23.37" N 108° 13' 6.94.
  3. Eckfeld (2005), 26–7.

LiteraturaUredi

  • Dillon, Michael. (1998). China: A Historical and Cultural Dictionary. Surrey: Curzon Press. ISBN 0-7007-0439-6.
  • Eckfeld, Tonia. (2005). Imperial Tombs in Tang China, 618-907: The Politics of Paradise. New York: Routledge: ISBN 0-415-30220-X.
  • Fong, Mary H. "Tang Tomb Murals Reviewed in the Light of Tang Texts on Painting," Artibus Asiae (Volume 45, Number 1, 1984): 35–72.
  • Fong, Mary H. "Antecedents of Sui-Tang Burial Practices in Shaanxi," Artibus Asiae (Volume 51, Number 3/4, 1991): 147–198.
  • Fu, Xinian. (2002). "The Sui, Tang, and Five Dynasties," in Chinese Architecture, ed. Nancy Steinhardt, 91–135. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-09559-7.
  • Guo, Qinghua. "Tomb Architecture of Dynastic China: Old and New Questions," Architectural History (Volume 47, 2004): 1–24.
  • Howard, Angela Falco. (2006). Chinese Sculpture. New Haven: Yale University and Foreign Languages Press. ISBN 0-300-10065-5.
  • Jay, Jennifer W. "Imagining Matriarchy: "Kingdoms of Women" in Tang China," Journal of the American Oriental Society (Volume 116, Number 2, 1996): 220–229.
  • Paludan, Ann. (1998). Chronicle of the Chinese Emperors: the Reign-by-Reign Record of the Rulers of Imperial China. London: Thames & Hudson Ltd. ISBN 0-500-05090-2.
  • Turner, Jane. (1996). The Dictionary of Art. New York: The Grove Press. ISBN 1-884446-00-0
  • Steinhardt, Nancy Shatzman. (1990). Chinese Imperial City Planning. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-2196-3.
  • Steinhardt, Nancy Shatzman. (1997). Liao Architecture. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-1719-2.
  • Steinhardt, Nancy Shatzman. "The Tang Architectural Icon and the Politics of Chinese Architectural History," The Art Bulletin (Volume 86, Number 2, 2004): 228–254
  • Tang Li Xian mu bi hua (Murals in the tomb of Li Hsien of the Tang dynasty). (1974). Beijing.
  • Valder, Peter. (2002). Gardens in China. Portland: The Timber Press, Inc. ISBN 0-88192-555-1.

Eksterni linkoviUredi