Manfred von Ardenne

Manfred von Ardenne
Ardenne godine 1930.
Rođenje 20. januar 1907.
Hamburg, Njemačko Carstvo
Smrt 26. maj 1997. (dob: 90)
Dresden, Njemačka
Prebivalište Dresden
Državljanstvo njemačko
Etnicitet Nijemci
Polje primijenjena fizika
Institucija sovjetski projekt atomske bombe
TU Dresden
Poznat po izradi sovjetske atomske bombe
elektronska mikroskopija
odvajanje izotopa
katodna cijev
Istaknute nagrade Staljinova nagrada (1947, 1953)
Nacionalna nagrada DR Njemačke
Lenjinova medalja (1970)
Colanijeva nagrada za dizajn (1993)

Manfred von Ardenne (20. januar 1907 – 26. maj 1997) bio je njemački fizičar i pronalazač. Poznat je kao autor preko 600 patenata koji uključuju pronalaske na polju elektronske mikroskopije, medicinske tehnologije, nuklearne tehnologije i fizike plazme, kao i radio i televizijske tehnologije. Od 1928. do 1945. je vodio privatnu istraživačku laboratoriju Forschungslaboratorium für Elektronenphysik. Po završetku drugog svjetskog rata je deset godina radio za sovjetsku vladu, uključujući projekt atomske bombe, a za što je dobio Staljinovu nagradu. Poslije je osnovao Forschungsinstitut Manfred von Ardenne, jedini privatni istraživački institut u tadašnjoj DR Njemačkoj.

LiteraturaUredi

  • Albrecht, Ulrich, Andreas Heinemann-Grüder, and Arend Wellmann Die Spezialisten: Deutsche Naturwissenschaftler und Techniker in der Sowjetunion nach 1945 (Dietz, 1992, 2001) ISBN 3-320-01788-8
  • Barkleit, Gerhard Manfred von Ardenne. Selbstverwirklichung im Jahrhundert der Diktaturen (Duncker & Humblot, 2006)
  • Barwich, Heinz and Elfi Barwich Das rote Atom (Fischer-TB.-Vlg., 1984)
  • Beneke, Klaus Die Kolloidwissenschaftler Peter Adolf Thiessen, Gerhart Jander, Robert Havemann, Hans Witzmann und ihre Zeit (Knof, 2000)
  • Heinemann-Grüder, Andreas Die sowjetische Atombombe (Westfaelisches Dampfboot, 1992)
  • Heinemann-Grüder, Andreas Keinerlei Untergang: German Armaments Engineers during the Second World War and in the Service of the Victorious Powers in Monika Renneberg and Mark Walker (editors) Science, Technology and National Socialism 30-50 (Cambridge, 2002 paperback edition) ISBN 0-521-52860-7
  • Hentschel, Klaus (editor) and Ann M. Hentschel (editorial assistant and translator) Physics and National Socialism: An Anthology of Primary Sources (Birkhäuser, 1996) ISBN 0-8176-5312-0
  • Herbst, Wilhelm Manfred von Ardenne - Eine Anthologie -: Auswahl-Dokumentation historischer Fachartikel 1925-1938 (Funk Verlag, 2007)
  • Holloway, David Stalin and the Bomb: The Soviet Union and Atomic Energy 1939–1956 (Yale, 1994) ISBN 0-300-06056-4
  • Kruglov, Arkadii The History of the Soviet Atomic Industry (Taylor and Francis, 2002)
  • Maddrell, Paul "Spying on Science: Western Intelligence in Divided Germany 1945–1961" (Oxford, 2006) ISBN 0-19-926750-2
  • Naimark, Norman M. The Russians in Germany: A History of the Soviet Zone of Occupation, 1945-1949 (Hardcover — Aug 11, 1995) Belknap
  • Oleynikov, Pavel V. German Scientists in the Soviet Atomic Project, The Nonproliferation Review Volume 7, Number 2, 1 – 30 (2000) Arhivirano 2008-03-07 na Archive-It-u. The author has been a group leader at the Institute of Technical Physics of the Russian Federal Nuclear Center in Snezhinsk (Chelyabinsk-70).
  • Riehl, Nikolaus and Frederick Seitz Stalin's Captive: Nikolaus Riehl and the Soviet Race for the Bomb (American Chemical Society and the Chemical Heritage Foundations, 1996) ISBN 0-8412-3310-1. This book is a translation of Nikolaus Riehl's book Zehn Jahre im goldenen Käfig (Ten Years in a Golden Cage) (Riederer-Verlag, 1988); Seitz has written a lengthy introduction to the book. This book is a treasure trove with its 58 photographs.

Vanjske vezeUredi