Energetska kriza u Teksasu 2021.

Energetska kriza u Teksasu 2021. godine je kriza u saveznoj državi Texas u Sjedinjenim Državama koja se sastoji od rasprostranjenih prekida snabdevanja električnom energijom, a tiče se i nestašice vode i hrane, i opasnih vremenskih uslova.[1] Kriza je usledila posle dve jake snežne oluje koje su zahvatile šira područja SAD-a u periodu od 10–11.[2] i 13–17.[3] februara. Više od 4,3 miliona domova i preduzeća u Teksasu ostali su bez električne energije,[4][5][6] neki i po nekoliko dana. Neposredni uzrok krize je smrzavanje gasovoda i opreme za snabdevanje prirodnim gasom.[7][8] Neki dužnosnici[9] uključujući guvernera Teksasa Grega Abbotta,[10] kao uzrok nestanka struje u početku su navodili smrzavanje vetroturbina. Kriza je navela mnoge stručnjake da dovedu u pitanje spremnost države za takvu nepogodu.[11][12] Za krizu se vezuje smrt najmanje 58 osoba.[13]

Predsednik Joe Biden razgovara s teksaškim guvernerom Gregom Abbottom o krizi, 18. februar 2021

Smrtni slučajeviUredi

Kombinacija niskih temperatura i nestanka struje tamo gde se ona inače koristi za grejanje, dovela je do toga da se određen broj ljudi greje na načine za koje se vezuje povećan rizik. Smrti pripisane oluji uključuju slučajeve da su se ljudi koji su u zatvorenom držali upaljene automobile ili generatore otrovali ugljen-monoksidom.[14] Zabeleženo je najmanje 300 slučajeva trovanja ugljen-monoksidom.[15] Ostali smrtni slučajevi uključuju automobilske nesreće, utapanja, požare u domovima i hipotermiju.[16] Do 19. februara, broj ljudi čija se smrt dovodi u vezu sa krizom porastao je na 58.

Pravne radnjeUredi

16. februara 2021. guverner Greg Abbott izjavio je da je reforma ERCOT-a (Savet za energetsku sigurnost Teksasa) hitan prioritet za zakonodavno telo savezne države, te da će biti sprovedena i istraga prekida snabdevanja električnom energijom, s ciljem da se pronađe dugoročno rešenje.[17]

19. februara, u dva su okruga podnete prve tužbe protiv ERCOT-a. Navedeno je da su više puta bila slana upozorenja o slabostima elektroenergetske infrastrukture, a da su ignorisana. U tužbi je imenovano i komunalno poduzeće American Electric Power.[18][19]

ReferenceUredi

  1. CNN, Travis Caldwell, Keith Allen and Eric Levenson. „The Texas power grid is improving. But days of outages have caused heat, water and food shortages”. https://www.cnn.com/2021/02/18/weather/texas-winter-storm-thursday/index.html. 
  2. Rice, Doyle. „Winter storm will bring ice, snow to millions from Texas to New Jersey” (en-US). https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2021/02/10/winter-storm-bring-ice-snow-millions-along-1-500-mile-stretch/6703408002/. 
  3. Rice. Winter storm will bring ice, snow to millions from Texas to New Jersey (en-US). USA TODAY. Preuzeto 2021-02-18.
  4. Wright, Will; Robertson, Campbell (2021-02-17). „Burst Pipes and Power Outages in Battered Texas” (en-US). The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. https://www.nytimes.com/live/2021/02/17/us/winter-storm-weather-live. 
  5. Brian K. Sullivan; Nauren S. Malick (February 16, 2021). „5 Million Americans Have Lost Power From Texas to North Dakota After Devastating Winter Storm”. Time. https://time.com/5939633/texas-power-outage-blackouts/#:~:text=5%20Million%20Americans%20Have%20Lost,on%20Feb.%2015%2C%202021.. Pristupljeno February 16, 2021. 
  6. „How Many Millions Are Without Power in Texas?”. https://time.com/5940232/millions-without-power-texas/. 
  7. Penney, Veronica (February 19, 2021). „How Texas’ Power Generation Failed During the Storm, In Charts”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2021/02/19/climate/texas-storm-power-generation-charts.html. Pristupljeno February 20, 2021. 
  8. Searcey, Dionne (2021-02-17). „No, Wind Farms Aren't the Main Cause of the Texas Blackouts” (en-US). The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/17/climate/texas-blackouts-disinformation.html. Pristupljeno 2021-02-18. 
  9. Aronoff, Kate (2021-02-16). „Conservatives Are Seriously Accusing Wind Turbines of Killing People in the Texas Blackouts”. The New Republic. https://newrepublic.com/article/161386/conservatives-wind-turbines-killing-people-texas-blackouts. Pristupljeno 2021-02-18. 
  10. Rouan. Fact check: Frozen wind turbines don't deserve all the blame for Texas blackouts (en-US). USA TODAY. Preuzeto 2021-02-18.
  11. Calma (2021-02-17). Texas has work to do to avoid another energy crisis (en). The Verge. Preuzeto 2021-02-18.
  12. Blackmon. Texas Must Fix Its Chronic Power Grid Resiliency Issues Or Risk Becoming Another California (en). Forbes. Preuzeto 2021-02-18.
  13. Neuman, Scott. „As Texans Recover Power, 'It's Life Or Death' For Many Bracing For More Frigid Temps”. NPR. https://www.npr.org/sections/live-updates-winter-storms-2021/2021/02/18/968973671/its-life-and-death-texans-still-without-power-as-nation-faces-more-winter-storms. 
  14. „Texas weather: Deaths mount as winter storm leaves millions without power” (en-GB). BBC News. 2021-02-17. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-56095479. Pristupljeno 2021-02-18. 
  15. „Texas Officials Warn Of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning; At Least 17 Deaths Tied to Winter Storm Uri” (en-US). weather.com. https://weather.com/news/news/2021-02-16-winter-storm-uri-impacts-power-outages-boil-water. Pristupljeno 2021-02-18. 
  16. Rio, Giulia McDonnell Nieto del (2021-02-19). „Extreme Cold Killed Texans in Their Bedrooms, Vehicles and Backyards” (en-US). The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/19/us/texas-deaths-winter-storm.html. Pristupljeno 2021-02-20. 
  17. Governor Abbott Declares ERCOT Reform An Emergency Item. Office of the Texas Governor (February 16, 2021). Archived from the original on February 16, 2021.
  18. AP (2021-02-20). Lawsuit alleges ERCOT ignored weaknesses in power grid; Attorney general promises investigation (en). ABC13 Houston. Preuzeto 2021-02-20.
  19. Texas’ power grid operator hit with first lawsuits in wake of disastrous blackouts (en). Dallas News (2021-02-19). Preuzeto 2021-02-20.