Aelred od Reivaulxa

Aelred (1110 – 12. januar 1167), također poznat Aelred, Ælred, Æthelred, i sl. bio je engleski katolički redovnik i pisac, najpoznatiji kao opat Rievaulxa od 1147. do smrti. Za života je stekao ugled kao najpoznatiji cistercitski redovnik u Engleskoj, zbog čega ga se ponekad nazivalo "Bernardom sa sjevera". Poznat je kao autor brojnih knjiga na temu engleske historije i vjerskih pitanja. Nakon smrti je proglašen svecem koga danas štuju katolici i anglikanci.

Sveti Aelred od Rievaulxa
De Speculo Caritatis.jpeg

opat
Rođen/a 1110, Hexham, Northumberland, Engleska
Umro/la Rievaulx, Yorkshire, Engleska
Štuje se u Rimokatolička crkva;
Anglikanska zajednica
Glavno svetište Rievaulx Abbey, Yorkshire, England
(uništen)
Kalendar svetaca 12. januar
Atributi opat koji drži knjigu
Zaštitništvo bubrežni kamenac

Američki gej historičar John Boswell je na temelju privatnih pisama i kasnijih biografija od strane suvremenika zaključio kako je Aelred bio homosekualac, mada su drugi historičari prema tome skeptični, navodeći da je Aelred u svojim djelima veličao djevičanstvo među neoženjenima, čednost u braku i osuđivao "neprirodne odnose".

NapomeneUredi

IzvoriUredi

  • Bell, David N. (2004). „Ailred of Rievaulx (1110–1167)”. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/8916. Pristupljeno 30 Jan 2008. 
  • Boswell, John, Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality: Gay People in Western Europe from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the Fourteenth Century. University of Chicago Press, 1980.
  • Sommerfeldt, John R., Pursuing Perfect Happiness. Mahwah, NJ: Newman Press, 2005.

BibliografijaUredi

  • Aelred of Rievaulx, '"Opera." Corpus Christianorum Continuatio Mediaevalis 1, 2A, 2B, 2D. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols Publishers, 1971, 1983, 2001, 2005.
  • Walter Daniel, Vita Ailredi Abbatis Rievall. Ed. and transl. Maurice Powicke (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1950). [Translation reprinted with a new introduction as: The Life of Aelred of Rievaulx, And the Letter to Maurice. Translated by FM Powicke and Jane Patricia Freeland; Introduction by Marsha Dutton. Cistercian Fathers series no. 57, (Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1994.)]
  • Aelred of Rievaulx, Treatises and Pastoral Prayer, Cistercian Fathers series 2 (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1971).
  • Aelred of Rievaulx, Dialogue on the Soul, trans. C. H. Talbot, Cistercian Father series 22 (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1981).
  • Aelred of Rievaulx, Vita Niniani, translated by Winifred MacQueen, in John MacQueen, St. Nynia, (Edinburgh: Polygon, 1990) [reprinted as (Edinburgh: John Donald, 2005)]
  • Aelred of Rievaulx, Mirror of Charity, trans. Elizabeth Connor, Cistercian Fathers series 17 (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1990).
  • Aelred of Rievaulx, The life of Saint Edward, king and confessor, translated by Jerome Bertram, (Guildford: St. Edward's Press, 1990) [reprinted at Southampton: Saint Austin Press, 1997]
  • Aelred of Rievaulx, The Liturgical Sermons I: The First Clairvaux Collection, Advent—All Saints, Translated by Theodore Berkeley . Sermons 1-28, Advent - All Saints. Cistercian Fathers series no. 58, (Kalamazoo : Cistercian Publications, 2001.)
  • Aelred of Rievaulx, A letter to my sister, translated from the Latin and Middle English versions and edited by Geoffrey Webb and Adrian Walker, (London: Saint Austin Press, 2001) [first published 1957]
  • Aelred of Rievaulx, On Jesus at twelve years old, translated from the Latin by Geoffrey Wren and Adrian Walker, (London: Saint Austin Press, 2001)
  • Aelred of Rievaulx, The Historical Works, trans. Jane Patricia Freeland, ed. Marsha L. Dutton, Cistercian Fathers series 56 (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 2005).
  • Aelred of Rievaulx, The Lives of the Northern Saints, trans. Jane Patricia Freeland, ed. Marsha L. Dutton, Cistercian Fathers series 71 (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 2006).
  • Aelred of Rievaulx, For Your Own People: Aelred of Rievaulx's Pastoral Prayer, trans. Mark Del Cogliano, crit. ed. Marsha L. Dutton, Cistercian Fathers series 73 (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 2008). [Translation of Oratio Pastoralis]
  • Aelred of Rievaulx, Spiritual Friendship, trans. Lawarence Braceland, ed. Marsha L. Dutton, Cistercian Fathers series 5 (Collegeville: Cistercian Publications, 2010).

LiteraturaUredi

  • Boquet, Damien, L'ordre de l'affect au Moyen Âge: Autour de l'anthropologie affective d'Aelred de Rievaulx. Caen: CRAHM, 2005.
  • Christensen, Katherine, "Walter Daniel's Life of Aelred of Rievaulx: The Heroism of Intelligence and the Miracle of Love," in Jason Glenn (ed), The Middle Ages in Texts and Texture: Reflections on Medieval Sources (Toronto, University of Toronto, 2012),
  • Dutton, Marsha L.,"Friendship and the Love of God: Augustine's Teaching in the Confessions and Aelred of Rievaulx's Response in Spiritual Friendship", in American Benedictine Review 56 (2005), p. 3-40.
  • Dutton, Marsha L., "Sancto Dunstano Cooperante: Aelred of Rievaulx’s Advice to the Heir to the English Throne in Genealogy of the Kings of the English", in: Emilia Jamroziak and Janet Burton (ed.), Religious and Laity in Northern Europe 1000-1400: Interaction, Negotiation, and Power. Turnhout: Brepols, 2007, p. 183–195.
  • Dutton, Marsha L., "A Historian's Historian: The Place of Bede in Aelred's Contributions to the New History of his Age", in: Marsha L. Dutton, Daniel M. La Corte, and Paul Lockey (ed.), Truth as Gift: Studies in Cistercian History in Honor of John R. Sommerfeldt" (Cistercian Studies Series 204). Kalamazoo: Cistercian, 2004, p. 407–48.
  • Freeman, Elizabeth, "Aelred of Rievaulx’s De Bello Standardii: Cistercian Historiography and the Creation of Community Memories," in: Cîteaux 49 (1998), p. 5–28.
  • Freeman, Elizabeth, "The Many Functions of Cistercian Histories Using Aelred of Rievaulx’s Relatio de Standardo as a Case Study," in: Erik Kooper (ed.) The Medieval Chronicle: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on the Medieval Chronicle. Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, 1999, p. 124–32.
  • Freeman, Elizabeth, Narratives of a New Order: Cistercian Historical Writing in England, 1150–1220. Turnhout: Brepols, 2002.
  • Freeman, Elizabeth, "Nuns in the Public Sphere: Aelred of Rievaulx's De Sanctimoniali de Wattun and the Gendering of Authority", in: Comitatus 17 (1996), p. 55–80.
  • Garrison, John, “One Mind, One Heart, One Purse: Integrating Friendship Traditions and the Case of Troilus and Criseyde,” in Medievalia et Humanistica 36 (2010), p. 25-48.
  • La Corte, Daniel M., "Abbot as Magister and Pater in the Thought of Bernard of Clairvaux and Aelred of Rievaulx", in: Marsha L. Dutton, Daniel M. La Corte, and Paul Lockey (ed.), Truth as Gift: Studies in Cistercian History in Honor of John R. Sommerfeldt" (Cistercian Studies Series 204). Kalamazoo: Cistercian, 2004, p. 389–406.
  • Mayeski, Marie Anne, "Secundam naturam: The Inheritance of Virtue in Ælred’s Genealogy of the English Kings", in: Cistercian Studies Quarterly 37 (2002), p. 221–28.
  • Nouzille, Philippe, Expérience de Dieu et Théologie Monastique au XIIe Siècle: Étude sur les sermons d'Aelred de Rievaulx. Paris: Les Éditions du Cerf, 1999.
  • Powicke, Frederick M., "Ailred of Rievaulx", in Ways of Medieval Life and Thought. London, 1949.
  • Raciti, Gaetano. "The Preferential Option for the Weak in the Ælredian Community Model", in: CSQ 32 (1997), p. 3–23.
  • Ransford, Rosalind, "A Kind of Noah's Ark: Aelred of Rievaulx and National Identity", in: Stuart Mews (ed.), Studies in Church History 18 (1982), p. 137–46.
  • Sommerfeldt, John R., Aelred of Rievaulx On Love and Order in the World and the Church. Mahwah, NJ: Newman Press, 2006.
  • Squire, Aelred, "Aelred and King David", in: Collectanea Cisterciensia 22 (1960), p. 356–77.
  • Squire, Aelred, "Aelred and the Northern Saints.", in: Collectanea Cisterciensia 23 (1961), p. 58–69.
  • Squire, Aelred, "Aelred of Rievaulx: A Study" (1960), in: Cistercian Studies series 50. Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1981.
  • Squire, Aelred, "Historical Factors in the Formation of Aelred of Rievaulx", in: Collectanea Cisterciensia 22 (1960), p. 262–82.
  • Yohe, Katherine, "Aelred’s Recrafting of the Life of Edward the Confessor", in: CSQ 38 (2003): p. 177–89.